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  • Review |

    Although the most common neuropathy associated with diabetes mellitus is distal symmetric polyneuropathy, inflammatory neuropathies such as chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP) can also occur, and might be amenable to treatment. In this Review, Rajabally et al. consider the features of CIDP in diabetes, how this condition can be differentiated from other neuropathies, and management options for CIDP and other inflammatory neuropathies in diabetes.

    • Yusuf A. Rajabally
    • , Mark Stettner
    • , Bernd C. Kieseier
    • , Hans-Peter Hartung
    •  & Rayaz A. Malik
  • Review |

    Tuberculous menigitis (TBM) presents a major health burden around the world, especially in individuals with concomitant HIV infection, in whom mortality is nearly 50%. Here, members of the TBM International Research Consortium summarize our current understanding of TBM pathogenesis, diagnosis and management, and discuss key avenues for future research.

    • Robert J. Wilkinson
    • , Ursula Rohlwink
    • , Usha Kant Misra
    • , Reinout van Crevel
    • , Nguyen Thi Hoang Mai
    • , Kelly E. Dooley
    • , Maxine Caws
    • , Anthony Figaji
    • , Rada Savic
    • , Regan Solomons
    • , Guy E. Thwaites
    •  & on behalf of the Tuberculous Meningitis International Research Consortium
  • Consensus Statement | | open

    Chronic pain is the greatest source of disability globally and claims related to chronic pain feature in many insurance and medico-legal cases. In this Consensus Statement, a presidential task force of the International Association for the Study of Pain examines the capabilities of brain imaging in the diagnosis of chronic pain, and the ethical and legal implications of such uses of brain imaging.

    • Karen D. Davis
    • , Herta Flor
    • , Henry T. Greely
    • , Gian Domenico Iannetti
    • , Sean Mackey
    • , Markus Ploner
    • , Amanda Pustilnik
    • , Irene Tracey
    • , Rolf-Detlef Treede
    •  & Tor D. Wager
  • Review |

    Cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) is a prominent cause of stroke, particularly in young adults. Knowledge of this condition has greatly increased in the past two decades, primarily owing to new data from international patient registries. This Review provides an overview of the epidemiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis and treatment of CVT, with a focus on new advances in the field.

    • Suzanne M. Silvis
    • , Diana Aguiar de Sousa
    • , José M. Ferro
    •  & Jonathan M Coutinho
  • Review |

    Deep brain stimulation is used to treat a variety of neurological conditions, including Parkinson disease, dystonia and intractable pain, but the mechanisms underlying its therapeutic effects remain unclear. Drawing on clinical and experimental data, the authors examine hypotheses that have been proposed to explain the effects of DBS, and present the case for a change in terminology to 'deep brain neuromodulation'.

    • Keyoumars Ashkan
    • , Priya Rogers
    • , Hagai Bergman
    •  & Ismail Ughratdar

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