Physical sciences

  • Article
    | Open Access

    Ferromagnetic systems rarely display a large or non-saturating magnetoresistance, due to the low Fermi velocity of the predominant charge carrier. Here, the authors show that MnBi, a ferromagnet, bucks this trend, showing both large and non-saturating magnetoresistance, and high charge carrier motilities.

    • Yangkun He
    • , Jacob Gayles
    •  & Claudia Felser
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Solar-driven CO2 reduction into value-added chemicals and fuels is attracting worldwide attention. Here, substantially enhanced photocatalytic CO2 reduction activity is achieved via the synergy of surface oxygen vacancies and ferroelectric polarization over Bi3TiNbO9 photocatalyst.

    • Hongjian Yu
    • , Fang Chen
    •  & Yihe Zhang
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Laser spectroscopic measurements of isotopes near the doubly-magic 100-Sn are challenging due to difficulties in their production. Here the authors measure the ground state charge radius of the proton-rich 96-Ag isotope and find a discontinuity in the nuclear size when crossing the neutron number N equal to 50.

    • M. Reponen
    • , R. P. de Groote
    •  & I. D. Moore
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Many current immunoassays require multiple washing, incubation and optimization steps. Here the authors present Ratiometric Plug-and-Play Immunodiagnostics (RAPPID), a generic assay platform that uses ratiometric bioluminescent detection to allow sandwich immunoassays to be performed directly in solution.

    • Yan Ni
    • , Bas J. H. M. Rosier
    •  & Maarten Merkx
  • Article
    | Open Access

    The analysis of networks and network processes can require low-dimensional representations, possible for specific structures only. The authors propose a geometric formalism which allows to unfold the mechanisms of dynamical processes propagation in various networks, relevant for control and community detection.

    • Adam Gosztolai
    •  & Alexis Arnaudon
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Switching of ferrimagnets by current-induced spin-orbit torque is promising for spintronics, due to their high-speed dynamics and small macroscopic magnetization. Switching of perpendicularly magnetized materials, however, requires a bias field for symmetry breaking. Here, Zheng et al demonstrate field-free current-induced switching of perpendicular ferrimagnets, using a compositional gradient-driven Dzyaloshinskii–Moriya interaction.

    • Zhenyi Zheng
    • , Yue Zhang
    •  & Pedram Khalili Amiri
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Despite many reports on nanoparticle-covalent organic frameworks (COF) composites, a universal strategy for the synthesis of monodisperse core-shell structured COF nanocomposites remains challenging. Here, the authors develop a strategy for interfacial growth of highly crystalline COFs on functional nanoparticles with abundant optical, electrical and magnetic properties.

    • Liang Chen
    • , Wenxing Wang
    •  & Xiaomin Li
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Wear reduction in diamond-like carbon interacting with ZDDP-additivated oils is essential for current automotive applications. Here, the authors present an atomic-scale study revealing that this can be achieved by tailoring diamond-like carbon’s stiffness, surface nano-topography, and hydrogen content.

    • Valentin R. Salinas Ruiz
    • , Takuya Kuwahara
    •  & Maria-Isabel de Barros Bouchet
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Fine tuning of mechanical properties in elastomers is important for application of elastomers in flexible devices and biomedical field. Here, the authors prepare a nacre inspired PDMS-montmorrillonite composite with good mechanical properties and demonstrate crack tracing using aggregation-induced emission luminogens.

    • Jingsong Peng
    • , Antoni P. Tomsia
    •  & Qunfeng Cheng
  • Article
    | Open Access

    The generation of non-stabilized alkyl radicals from sulfonium salts has been a challenge for several decades. Here, the authors show the treatment of S-(alkyl) thianthrenium salts, which can generate non-stabilized alkyl radicals as key intermediates that enable controlled and selective reactions under mild photoredox conditions.

    • Cheng Chen
    • , Zheng-Jun Wang
    •  & Zhuangzhi Shi
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Imaging rates in single-pixel imaging has been limited by the dependence on configurable spatial light modulators. Here, the authors use cyclic Hadamard patterns coded onto a spinning mask to demonstrate dynamic imaging with rates up to 72 frames per second and real time reconstruction capabilities.

    • Evgeny Hahamovich
    • , Sagi Monin
    •  & Amir Rosenthal
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Microcavity exciton-polaritons in atomically thin semiconductors are a promising platform for valley manipulation. Here, the authors show valley-selective control of polariton energies in monolayer WS2 using the optical Stark effect, thereby extending coherent valley manipulation to a hybrid light-matter regime

    • Trevor LaMountain
    • , Jovan Nelson
    •  & Nathaniel P. Stern
  • Article
    | Open Access

    For many polymers, recycling via mechanical processes is not feasible and these materials are destined for landfills or incineration. Here the authors show an open-loop recycling method for superabsorbent polymers that involves decrosslinking via hydrolysis, an optional chain-shortening step via sonication, and functionalizing via Fischer esterification.

    • P. Takunda Chazovachii
    • , Madeline J. Somers
    •  & Anne J. McNeil
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Efficient production of benzene from lignin is attractive and of great importance, but has not been realized. Here, the authors develop a strategy to transform lignin into benzene over a RuW/zeolite catalyst in water, and the yield of benzene can be as high as 18.8% on lignin weight basis.

    • Qinglei Meng
    • , Jiang Yan
    •  & Buxing Han
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Dielectric elastomer actuators (DEAs) with large electrically actuated strain can be used in non-magnetic motors, but high stiffness, poor strength and slow response currently limit the application of DEAs. Here, the authors optimize the crosslinking network in a polyacrylate elastomer to enable a DEA with high toughness and actuation strain and use the polyacrylate to build a motor which can be driven under low electric field.

    • Li-Juan Yin
    • , Yu Zhao
    •  & Zhi-Min Dang
  • Article
    | Open Access

    The authors develop a method to build Manhattan Raman Scattering (MARS) probes based on different core atoms, conjugation ring numbers, and stable isotope substitutions. A quantitative model predicts vibrational frequencies of MARS dyes from structures, which are used in supermultiplexed vibrational imaging.

    • Yupeng Miao
    • , Naixin Qian
    •  & Wei Min
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Despite advances in the design of thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) emitters for devices, the effect of spin interactions is not well understood. Here, the authors report the role of spin-vibronic coupling in TADF organic emitters using transient electron spin resonance spectroscopy.

    • Bluebell H. Drummond
    • , Naoya Aizawa
    •  & Emrys W. Evans
  • Article
    | Open Access

    It was predicted that complex thermalizing behaviour can arise in many-body systems in the absence of disorder. Here, the authors observe non-ergodic dynamics in a tilted optical lattice that is distinct from previously studied regimes, and propose a microscopic mechanism that is due to emergent kinetic constrains.

    • Sebastian Scherg
    • , Thomas Kohlert
    •  & Monika Aidelsburger
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Self-assembling peptides have a range of potential applications but developing self-assembling sequences can be challenging. Here, the authors report on a one-bead one-compound combinatorial library where fluorescence is used to detect the potential for self-assembly and identified candidates are evaluated.

    • Pei-Pei Yang
    • , Yi-Jing Li
    •  & Kit S. Lam
  • Article
    | Open Access

    RuCl3 has stood out as a prime candidate in the search for quantum spin liquids; however, its antiferromagnetic ordering at low temperature suggests deviations from typical QSL models. Here, using resonant inelastic x-ray scattering, the authors provide a comprehensive determination of the low energy effective Hamiltonian.

    • H. Suzuki
    • , H. Liu
    •  & B. Keimer
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Spontaneous symmetry breaking can induce instabilities in natural and engineered systems. Nicolaou et al. show that such instabilities can be prevented by introducing suitable system asymmetry in the form of spatial heterogeneity, relevant for the development of novel control and design techniques.

    • Zachary G. Nicolaou
    • , Daniel J. Case
    •  & Adilson E. Motter
  • Article
    | Open Access

    For printed electronics to realize its potential as a sustainable ubiquitous technology, eco-friendly solvents that deliver excellent ink performance must be found. Here, the authors report a free online tool that identifies functional green solvents for solution-processed printed electronics.

    • Christian Larsen
    • , Petter Lundberg
    •  & Ludvig Edman
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Quantitative methods to assess the quality of hPSC-derived organoids have not been developed. Here they present a prediction algorithm to assess the transcriptomic similarity between hPSC-derived organoids and the corresponding human target organs and perform validation on lung bud organoids, antral gastric organoids, and cardiomyocytes.

    • Mi-Ok Lee
    • , Su-gi Lee
    •  & Hyun-Soo Cho
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Coherent conversion between optical and microwave photonics is needed for future quantum applications. Here, the authors combine thin-film lithium niobate and superconductor platforms as a hybrid electro-optic system to achieve high-efficiency frequency conversion between microwave and optical modes.

    • Yuntao Xu
    • , Ayed Al Sayem
    •  & Hong X. Tang
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Electric field induced ion migration is a well-known phenomenon in perovskite, but the consequences are notorious, and thus needs to be prevented. Here, on the other hand, the authors cleverly manipulate this event for realising resistive random-access memory and light-emitting electrochemical cell in one device based on CsPbBr3 quantum dots.

    • Meng-Cheng Yen
    • , Chia-Jung Lee
    •  & Ya-Ju Lee
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Ternary heterometallic clusters often display intriguing structures and bonding. Here the authors prepare four [Sn2Sb5]3−-based clusters stabilized by coordination of a transition metal ion; analysis of their electronic structure reveals that the resulting cluster displays globally aromatic or antiaromatic character depending on the transition metal ion.

    • Yu-He Xu
    • , Nikolay V. Tkachenko
    •  & Zhong-Ming Sun
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Spin defects in two-dimensional materials potentially offer unique advantages for quantum sensing in terms of sensitivity and functionality. Here, the authors demonstrate the use of spin defects in hexagonal boron nitride as sensors of magnetic field, temperature and pressure, and show that their performance is comparable or exceeds that of existing platforms.

    • Andreas Gottscholl
    • , Matthias Diez
    •  & Vladimir Dyakonov
  • Article
    | Open Access

    It is challenging to control the growth of colloidal III-V quantum dots, due to complex reaction pathways. Here, the authors isolate a single-crystalline tetrapod species as a late-stage intermediate and use it as a tailored-growth platform in colloidal synthesis.

    • Youngsik Kim
    • , Hyekyoung Choi
    •  & Sohee Jeong
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Current hypotheses towards quantisation of gravity imply the presence of a minimal length scale, which may have a role in explaining quantum-to-classical transition. Here, the authors show how assuming the minimal length scale to be a fluctuating quantity leads to a possible universal decoherence mechanism.

    • Luciano Petruzziello
    •  & Fabrizio Illuminati
  • Article
    | Open Access

    The photodissociation dynamics of small molecules in the vacuum ultraviolet range can have key implications for astrochemical modelling, but revealing such dynamical details is a challenging task. Here the authors, combining high resolution experimental techniques, provide a detailed description of the fragmentation dynamics of selected rotational levels of a predissociated Rydberg state of H2S.

    • Yarui Zhao
    • , Zijie Luo
    •  & Xueming Yang
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Understanding the strange metal behavior, characterized by linear-in-temperature resistivity, could shed light on the mechanism of unconventional superconductivity. Here, by using electrical resistivity measurements into the micro-Kelvin regime, the authors report evidence of unconventional superconductivity in the strange metal YbRh2Si2 and propose a possible pairing mechanism.

    • D. H. Nguyen
    • , A. Sidorenko
    •  & S. Paschen
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Single-molecular magnets (SMM) are promising candidates for quantum technologies given the ease of repeatable manufacture and potential as qudits. Here, Biard et al succeed in electronically reading out a SMM containing two high-spin terbium atoms, allowing for a 16 dimensional Hilbert space.

    • Hugo Biard
    • , Eufemio Moreno-Pineda
    •  & Franck Balestro
  • Article
    | Open Access

    The length of single-particle tracking experiments are limited due to photobleaching. Here the authors achieve long-term single-particle tracking with continuous fluorophore exchange in DNA-PAINT and use this to observe DNA origami on lipid bilayers for tens of minutes.

    • Florian Stehr
    • , Johannes Stein
    •  & Petra Schwille
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) can evade immune responses in latent reservoirs, which is a specific problem during transplantation. Here the authors develop a bivalent nanobody that is specific for US28, a viral receptor required by latent HCMV, and show it can partially reactivate the virus and make it susceptible to killing by T cells.

    • Timo W. M. De Groof
    • , Elizabeth G. Elder
    •  & Martine J. Smit
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Nuclear spins in diamond are promising for applications in quantum technologies due to their long coherence times. Here, the authors demonstrate a scalable electrical readout of individual intrinsic 14N nuclear spins in diamond, mediated by hyperfine coupling to electron spin of the NV center, as a step towards room-temperature nanoscale diamond quantum devices.

    • Michal Gulka
    • , Daniel Wirtitsch
    •  & Milos Nesladek
  • Article
    | Open Access

    PMOs (phosphorodiamidate morpholino oligomers) have huge potential for antisense therapy but complex and slow synthesis limits application. Here, the authors report the development of automated flow synthesis methods which reduce nucleobase coupling times from hours to minutes removing human errors and allow for high-throughput production.

    • Chengxi Li
    • , Alex J. Callahan
    •  & Bradley L. Pentelute