Earth and environmental sciences

Definition

Earth and environmental sciences cover all aspects of Earth and planetary sciences, and broadly encompasses solid Earth processes, surface and atmospheric dynamics, Earth system history, climate and climate change, marine and freshwater systems, and ecology. It also considers the interactions between humans and these systems.

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Latest Research and Reviews

  • Research |

    Disordered nanoscale striations on petals, tepals and bracts have evolved multiple times among flowering plants and provide a salient visual signal to foraging bumblebees (Bombus terrestris).

    • Edwige Moyroud
    • , Tobias Wenzel
    • , Rox Middleton
    • , Paula J. Rudall
    • , Hannah Banks
    • , Alison Reed
    • , Greg Mellers
    • , Patrick Killoran
    • , M. Murphy Westwood
    • , Ullrich Steiner
    • , Silvia Vignolini
    •  & Beverley J. Glover
  • Research |

    An approach to ecological interactions that integrates coevolutionary dynamics and network structure, showing that selection in mutualisms is shaped not only by the mutualistic partners but by all sorts of indirect effects from other species in the network.

    • Paulo R. Guimarães Jr
    • , Mathias M. Pires
    • , Pedro Jordano
    • , Jordi Bascompte
    •  & John N. Thompson
  • Research | | open

    High-resolution proxy records are essential for understanding the interactions between ocean, ice sheet and atmosphere. Here the authors present a high-resolution record of Younger Dryas sea surface conditions in Baffin Bay and show that ocean surface warming triggered the retreat of Jakobshavn Isbræ ice stream.

    • Mimmi Oksman
    • , Kaarina Weckström
    • , Arto Miettinen
    • , Stephen Juggins
    • , Dmitry V. Divine
    • , Rebecca Jackson
    • , Richard Telford
    • , Niels J. Korsgaard
    •  & Michal Kucera
  • Research | | open

    Industrial mining contributes to deforestation in the Amazon, and the extent of effect could occur beyond areas of land explicitly permitted for mining. Here, Sonter et al. show that deforestation in 70-km buffer zones around mines has led to an estimated 9% of Brazilian Amazon deforestation since 2005.

    • Laura J. Sonter
    • , Diego Herrera
    • , Damian J. Barrett
    • , Gillian L. Galford
    • , Chris J. Moran
    •  & Britaldo S. Soares-Filho
  • Research | | open

    Evidence showing that carbonates can directly supply CO2 for autotrophy is lacking. Here, using stable isotope analyses and NanoSIMS imaging, the authors show that a model euendolith, Mastigocoleus testarum strain BC008, derives the majority of its biomass carbon from the mineral carbonates it excavates.

    • Brandon S. Guida
    • , Maitrayee Bose
    •  & Ferran Garcia-Pichel

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