Decision making

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Latest Research and Reviews

  • Research
    | Open Access

    Scholars have long argued for the central role of agency—the size of one’s opportunity set—in the human experience, but there has been little work on how a sense of agency affects behavior. We demonstrate that increasing agency leads to greater patience and risk tolerance, even if these new opportunities are not exercised.

    • Ayelet Gneezy
    • , Alex Imas
    •  & Ania Jaroszewicz
  • Research |

    The results obtained by seventy different teams analysing the same functional magnetic resonance imaging dataset show substantial variation, highlighting the influence of analytical choices and the importance of sharing workflows publicly and performing multiple analyses.

    • Rotem Botvinik-Nezer
    • , Felix Holzmeister
    • , Colin F. Camerer
    • , Anna Dreber
    • , Juergen Huber
    • , Magnus Johannesson
    • , Michael Kirchler
    • , Roni Iwanir
    • , Jeanette A. Mumford
    • , R. Alison Adcock
    • , Paolo Avesani
    • , Blazej M. Baczkowski
    • , Aahana Bajracharya
    • , Leah Bakst
    • , Sheryl Ball
    • , Marco Barilari
    • , Nadège Bault
    • , Derek Beaton
    • , Julia Beitner
    • , Roland G. Benoit
    • , Ruud M. W. J. Berkers
    • , Jamil P. Bhanji
    • , Bharat B. Biswal
    • , Sebastian Bobadilla-Suarez
    • , Tiago Bortolini
    • , Katherine L. Bottenhorn
    • , Alexander Bowring
    • , Senne Braem
    • , Hayley R. Brooks
    • , Emily G. Brudner
    • , Cristian B. Calderon
    • , Julia A. Camilleri
    • , Jaime J. Castrellon
    • , Luca Cecchetti
    • , Edna C. Cieslik
    • , Zachary J. Cole
    • , Olivier Collignon
    • , Robert W. Cox
    • , William A. Cunningham
    • , Stefan Czoschke
    • , Kamalaker Dadi
    • , Charles P. Davis
    • , Alberto De Luca
    • , Mauricio R. Delgado
    • , Lysia Demetriou
    • , Jeffrey B. Dennison
    • , Xin Di
    • , Erin W. Dickie
    • , Ekaterina Dobryakova
    • , Claire L. Donnat
    • , Juergen Dukart
    • , Niall W. Duncan
    • , Joke Durnez
    • , Amr Eed
    • , Simon B. Eickhoff
    • , Andrew Erhart
    • , Laura Fontanesi
    • , G. Matthew Fricke
    • , Shiguang Fu
    • , Adriana Galván
    • , Remi Gau
    • , Sarah Genon
    • , Tristan Glatard
    • , Enrico Glerean
    • , Jelle J. Goeman
    • , Sergej A. E. Golowin
    • , Carlos González-García
    • , Krzysztof J. Gorgolewski
    • , Cheryl L. Grady
    • , Mikella A. Green
    • , João F. Guassi Moreira
    • , Olivia Guest
    • , Shabnam Hakimi
    • , J. Paul Hamilton
    • , Roeland Hancock
    • , Giacomo Handjaras
    • , Bronson B. Harry
    • , Colin Hawco
    • , Peer Herholz
    • , Gabrielle Herman
    • , Stephan Heunis
    • , Felix Hoffstaedter
    • , Jeremy Hogeveen
    • , Susan Holmes
    • , Chuan-Peng Hu
    • , Scott A. Huettel
    • , Matthew E. Hughes
    • , Vittorio Iacovella
    • , Alexandru D. Iordan
    • , Peder M. Isager
    • , Ayse I. Isik
    • , Andrew Jahn
    • , Matthew R. Johnson
    • , Tom Johnstone
    • , Michael J. E. Joseph
    • , Anthony C. Juliano
    • , Joseph W. Kable
    • , Michalis Kassinopoulos
    • , Cemal Koba
    • , Xiang-Zhen Kong
    • , Timothy R. Koscik
    • , Nuri Erkut Kucukboyaci
    • , Brice A. Kuhl
    • , Sebastian Kupek
    • , Angela R. Laird
    • , Claus Lamm
    • , Robert Langner
    • , Nina Lauharatanahirun
    • , Hongmi Lee
    • , Sangil Lee
    • , Alexander Leemans
    • , Andrea Leo
    • , Elise Lesage
    • , Flora Li
    • , Monica Y. C. Li
    • , Phui Cheng Lim
    • , Evan N. Lintz
    • , Schuyler W. Liphardt
    • , Annabel B. Losecaat Vermeer
    • , Bradley C. Love
    • , Michael L. Mack
    • , Norberto Malpica
    • , Theo Marins
    • , Camille Maumet
    • , Kelsey McDonald
    • , Joseph T. McGuire
    • , Helena Melero
    • , Adriana S. Méndez Leal
    • , Benjamin Meyer
    • , Kristin N. Meyer
    • , Glad Mihai
    • , Georgios D. Mitsis
    • , Jorge Moll
    • , Dylan M. Nielson
    • , Gustav Nilsonne
    • , Michael P. Notter
    • , Emanuele Olivetti
    • , Adrian I. Onicas
    • , Paolo Papale
    • , Kaustubh R. Patil
    • , Jonathan E. Peelle
    • , Alexandre Pérez
    • , Doris Pischedda
    • , Jean-Baptiste Poline
    • , Yanina Prystauka
    • , Shruti Ray
    • , Patricia A. Reuter-Lorenz
    • , Richard C. Reynolds
    • , Emiliano Ricciardi
    • , Jenny R. Rieck
    • , Anais M. Rodriguez-Thompson
    • , Anthony Romyn
    • , Taylor Salo
    • , Gregory R. Samanez-Larkin
    • , Emilio Sanz-Morales
    • , Margaret L. Schlichting
    • , Douglas H. Schultz
    • , Qiang Shen
    • , Margaret A. Sheridan
    • , Jennifer A. Silvers
    • , Kenny Skagerlund
    • , Alec Smith
    • , David V. Smith
    • , Peter Sokol-Hessner
    • , Simon R. Steinkamp
    • , Sarah M. Tashjian
    • , Bertrand Thirion
    • , John N. Thorp
    • , Gustav Tinghög
    • , Loreen Tisdall
    • , Steven H. Tompson
    • , Claudio Toro-Serey
    • , Juan Jesus Torre Tresols
    • , Leonardo Tozzi
    • , Vuong Truong
    • , Luca Turella
    • , Anna E. van ‘t Veer
    • , Tom Verguts
    • , Jean M. Vettel
    • , Sagana Vijayarajah
    • , Khoi Vo
    • , Matthew B. Wall
    • , Wouter D. Weeda
    • , Susanne Weis
    • , David J. White
    • , David Wisniewski
    • , Alba Xifra-Porxas
    • , Emily A. Yearling
    • , Sangsuk Yoon
    • , Rui Yuan
    • , Kenneth S. L. Yuen
    • , Lei Zhang
    • , Xu Zhang
    • , Joshua E. Zosky
    • , Thomas E. Nichols
    • , Russell A. Poldrack
    •  & Tom Schonberg
    Nature, 1-7
  • Research
    | Open Access

    Natural hazards can have huge impacts on individuals and societies, however, monitoring the economic recovery in the aftermath of extreme events remains a challenge. Here, the authors find that Facebook posting activity of small businesses can be used to monitor post-disaster economic recovery, and can allow local governments to better target distribution of resources.

    • Robert Eyre
    • , Flavia De Luca
    •  & Filippo Simini
  • Reviews |

    Environmental policy often delays addressing problems. This Perspective defines such ‘stopgap measures’, considers examples, and applies to solar geoengineering a new framework for assessing stopgaps.

    • Holly Jean Buck
    • , Laura Jane Martin
    • , Oliver Geden
    • , Peter Kareiva
    • , Liz Koslov
    • , Will Krantz
    • , Ben Kravitz
    • , John Noël
    • , Edward A. Parson
    • , Christopher J. Preston
    • , Daniel L. Sanchez
    • , Lynn Scarlett
    •  & Shuchi Talati

News and Comment

  • News and Views |

    Political pressure on the creation and use of scientific evidence to support environmental approvals for the Adani coal mine has undermined the legitimacy of these approvals. We need to harness the power of law more effectively to protect the independence and rigour of scientific processes, and enable transparent consideration of the evidence.

    • Erin O’Donnell
    •  & Rebecca Nelson
  • News and Views |

    A new study reports the 5-year patient-reported outcome data from a population-based cohort of men with localized prostate cancer. These findings in conjunction with data on survival, treatment burden and treatment cost can assist clinicians in explaining to newly diagnosed patients the likely effects of modern management options on quality of life.

    • Rebecca Mercieca-Bebber
    •  & Martin R. Stockler
  • Comments and Opinion |

    The assessment of land degradation and restoration by the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services shows that land degradation across the globe is a wide and severe issue and is showing no signs of slowing down. This trend must be halted and reversed.

    • Louise Willemen
    • , Nichole N. Barger
    • , Ben ten Brink
    • , Matthew Cantele
    • , Barend F. N. Erasmus
    • , Judith L. Fisher
    • , Toby Gardner
    • , Timothy G. Holland
    • , Florent Kohler
    • , Janne S. Kotiaho
    • , Graham P. von Maltitz
    • , Grace Nangendo
    • , Ram Pandit
    • , John A. Parrotta
    • , Matthew D. Potts
    • , Stephen D. Prince
    • , Mahesh Sankaran
    • , Anastasia Brainich
    • , Luca Montanarella
    •  & Robert Scholes
  • Comments and Opinion
    | Open Access

    Plastic pollution is a purely anthropogenic problem and cannot be solved without large-scale human action. Motivating mitigation actions requires more realistic assumptions about human decision-making based on empirical evidence from the behavioural sciences enabling the design of more effective interventions.

    • Lili Jia
    • , Steve Evans
    •  & Sander van der Linden