Volume 11 Issue 10, October 2010

Volume 11 Issue 10

From The Editors

Research Highlights

  • Research Highlight |

    Cells can use primary cilia to sense the extracellular environment.

    • Rachel David
  • Research Highlight |

    Nuclear reprogramming can be achieved by expressing four transcription factors.

    • Kim Baumann
  • Research Highlight |

    The nucleus is capable of self-organization and remodelling.

    • Alison Schuldt
  • Research Highlight |

    The first description of RNA interference in mammalian cells.

    • Rachel David
  • Research Highlight |

    Super-resolution microscopy allowed the diffraction barrier to be bypassed.

    • Alison Schuldt
  • Research Highlight |

    Three studies that provided important insights into histone modifications.

    • Rachel David

Progress

  • Progress |

    In mammalian cells, several proteins that are not part of the core replication machinery promote the efficient restart of stalled replication forks, which suggests that fork restart pathways exist. Different models of restart can be envisaged, which involve DNA helicases, nucleases, homologous recombination factors and DNA double-strand breaks.

    • Eva Petermann
    •  & Thomas Helleday

Reviews

  • Review Article |

    Ten years ago, the cell biological role of lipid rafts was controversial owing to limited methodology and confusing nomenclature. Through technical advances, our concept of lipid rafts has evolved into that of dynamic nanoscale assemblies that can be stabilized to control signalling and membrane trafficking.

    • Kai Simons
    •  & Mathias J. Gerl
  • Review Article |

    Although necrosis was regarded as an uncontrolled mode of cell death, evidence now shows that it can be highly regulated. The initiation of programmed necrosis (necroptosis) by death receptors requires receptor-interacting protein 1 (RIP1) and RIP3, and its execution involves the active disintegration of mitochondrial, lysosomal and plasma membranes.

    • Peter Vandenabeele
    • , Lorenzo Galluzzi
    • , Tom Vanden Berghe
    •  & Guido Kroemer
  • Review Article |

    Metabolic pathways such as glycolysis and the pentose phosphate pathway communicate to cell cycle and apoptotic effectors, including D-type cyclins, CDKs, APC, p53, caspase 2 and BCL-2 proteins. The importance of this crosstalk is emphasized by the role of metabolic aberrations in the aetiology of disease.

    • Marisa R. Buchakjian
    •  & Sally Kornbluth
  • Review Article |

    In multicellular organisms, DNA replication adapts to variations in growth conditions, DNA damage and chromatin organization changes associated with cell differentiation. Therefore, only a subset of replication origins is used at each cell cycle, the choice of which is controlled by various factors including epigenetic mechanisms and gene expression.

    • Marcel Méchali
  • Review Article |

    Non-vesicular lipid transport between intracellular membranes can be mediated by spontaneous lipid transfer or lipid-transfer proteins (LTPs) and is crucial for maintaining the identities of different cellular membranes. Current studies focus on further understanding the mechanisms of non-vesicular lipid transport and elucidating the role of LTPs in intact cells.

    • Sima Lev

Erratum

Corrigendum