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  • A genomic and transcriptomic analysis identifies molecular features associated with long-term survival in ovarian cancer. Exceptional survival was heterogeneous across the cohort, suggesting that it is likely the function of multiple cell-intrinsic and microenvironmental factors working in combination.

    • Dale W. Garsed
    • Ahwan Pandey
    • David D. L. Bowtell
  • The Qatar Genome Program was established to interrogate the genomics and genetics of populations in the Middle East. Improving precision medicine strategies and building long-term research capacity are both key aims of the initiative.

    • Hamdi Mbarek
    • Said I. Ismail
  • It has been 25 years since the release of GATTACA, a film that tells the story of a credible near future in which society’s inequalities, formerly associated with race and class, have been replaced with new prejudices based on genetic determinism. Here we compare GATTACA’s fictional technologies with reality’s state of the art, assessing the legal protections afforded in today’s society against GATTACA’s dystopian future in which personal freedom and privacy rights are substantially curtailed by genomic innovations. We further discuss how GATTACA’s prescient forewarnings are still relevant today in light of the current trajectory of genomic science and technology.

    • Dov Greenbaum
    • Mark Gerstein
  • Few genetic alterations have been linked to metastasis, during which cancer cells acquire abnormal migratory behavior. A new study sheds light on how loss of NECTIN1 leads to melanoma dissemination after local depletion of IGF1.

    • Jaume Barcelo
    • Victoria Sanz-Moreno
    News & Views
  • Mutations in the sodium channel NALCN promote epithelial cell shedding and dissemination independent of oncogenic transformation. This observation suggests that metastasis may not uniformly represent the end stage of carcinogenesis but can occur before oncogenic transformation.

    • Ana Rita Nobre
    • Adrienne Boire
    News & Views
  • A new study identifies prolyl hydroxylation of histone H3 as a signal for the recruitment of KDM5A, altering H3K4me3 and gene expression. H3P16oh is independent of the HIF hypoxia-sensing pathway and provides a further layer of complexity to oxygen-sensitive chromatin modifications.

    • James A. Nathan
    News & Views
  • Adult human kidney organoids or tubuloids are derived from an epithelial CD24+ subpopulation in the proximal nephron and can be utilized for advanced disease modeling of the most common hereditary kidney disease: autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease.

    Research Briefing
  • Genome sequencing and analysis of public epigenomic data enabled the identification of disease-causing variants in a non-coding regulatory region of hexokinase 1 (HK1) in individuals with congenital hyperinsulinism. These variants caused inappropriate HK1 expression within pancreatic β-cells, which led to increased insulin secretion and hypoglycemia.

    Research Briefing