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    • In the brains of patients with epilepsy, apolipoprotein E-mediated lipid transfer from hyperactive neurons to astrocytes results in lipid metabolism reprogramming and formation of lipid-accumulated reactive astrocytes. These astrocytes exacerbate abnormal discharges of neighboring neurons and, in mice, aggravate seizure symptoms, leading to disease progression.

      Research Briefing
    • We developed a wearable platform (the Neuro-stack) for recording single-neuron and local field potentials in freely moving humans. The Neuro-stack enabled the recording of single-neuron activity during walking behavior in humans. The platform also enables personalized stimulation during real-time decoding of neural activity, which can potentially improve neurostimulation treatments.

      Research Briefing
    • Despite extensive studies on how social networks affect behavior at the population level, little is known about how the human brain makes decisions in networked environments. This study shows that the brain flexibly weighs information received from a social contact according to how well-connected that contact is on the network responsible for information transmission.

      Research Briefing
    • STARmap PLUS is a new spatial gene mapping method combined with histological staining. With STARmap PLUS, we created high-resolution, comprehensive maps of altered molecular pathways and reactive cells in a mouse model of Alzheimer’s disease. These maps enabled us to infer the trajectories of biological processes and cell states during disease progression.

      Research Briefing
    • Loss-of-function variants of TREM2 increase risk for Alzheimer’s disease. A new study presents a therapeutic candidate — ATV:TREM2, a TREM2-activating antibody engineered with a transferrin receptor binding site to facilitate blood-to-brain transport. Treatment of a mouse model of Alzheimer’s disease with ATV:TREM2 improved energy metabolism and microglial function.

      • Na Zhao
      • Guojun Bu
      News & Views
  • The neuroscience of hormonal contraceptives is a vital but relatively new field. Existing studies are limited in size and scope, but they nonetheless highlight that the effects of hormonal contraceptives on the nervous system are complex and can vary because of individual differences, contraceptive type and formulation, and timing of use, among other factors. Neuroscientists can empower individuals with information about the biopsychological effects of hormonal contraceptives by delving more deeply into these effects in rigorous randomized controlled trials, large-scale studies that examine population-level trends, and dense imaging or intensive longitudinal studies that examine individual-level effects.

    • Nicole Petersen
    • Adriene M. Beltz
    • Belinda Pletzer

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