Yeon Joo Lee et al.

Brightness modulations of Venus point towards atmospheric super-rotation

Latest research

Physical sciences

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  • Article
    | Open Access

    Many nanoparticles are stabilised by chemical functionalisation with poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG). Here, the authors report on the functionalisation of gold nanoparticles by the physical absorption of cyclic PEG and demonstrate superior stabilisation against heating, freezing and lyophilisation.

    • Yubo Wang
    • , Jose Enrico Q. Quinsaat
    • , Tomoko Ono
    • , Masatoshi Maeki
    • , Manabu Tokeshi
    • , Takuya Isono
    • , Kenji Tajima
    • , Toshifumi Satoh
    • , Shin-ichiro Sato
    • , Yutaka Miura
    •  & Takuya Yamamoto
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Narrowing pores filled with an electrolyte usually slows down their charge-discharge dynamics. Here the authors demonstrate through molecular dynamics simulations and experiments with novolac-derived carbon electrodes how non-linear voltage sweeps can accelerate charging and discharging of subnanometer pores.

    • Konrad Breitsprecher
    • , Mathijs Janssen
    • , Pattarachai Srimuk
    • , B. Layla Mehdi
    • , Volker Presser
    • , Christian Holm
    •  & Svyatoslav Kondrat
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Future zero-energy buildings require smart and dynamic utilization of renewable energy for efficient indoor temperature control. Here the authors show that the dual-mode device enables building envelopes to switch between solar heating and radiative cooling to save HVAC energy for all seasons and all climate zones.

    • Xiuqiang Li
    • , Bowen Sun
    • , Chenxi Sui
    • , Ankita Nandi
    • , Haoming Fang
    • , Yucan Peng
    • , Gang Tan
    •  & Po-Chun Hsu

Earth and environmental sciences

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    This study describes how the geomagnetic axial dipole dominance of Earth’s magnetic field remained stable through large parts of the geological time. Since other characteristics of the geomagnetic field have changed substantially on the same timescales, this new observation provides a challenge for future core modeling studies.

    • Andrew J. Biggin
    • , Richard K. Bono
    • , Domenico G. Meduri
    • , Courtney J. Sprain
    • , Christopher J. Davies
    • , Richard Holme
    •  & Pavel V. Doubrovine
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Historically it has been maintained that soil organic carbon (SOC) is stabilized through interactions with mineral interfaces. Here the authors use cryo-electron microscopy and spectroscopy to show that SOC interactions can also occur between organic forms in patchy, disordered structure.

    • Angela R. Possinger
    • , Michael J. Zachman
    • , Akio Enders
    • , Barnaby D. A. Levin
    • , David A. Muller
    • , Lena F. Kourkoutis
    •  & Johannes Lehmann
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Photosynthetic formation of manganese (Mn) oxides from dissolved Mn ions was proposed to occur in ancestral photosystems before oxygenic photosynthesis evolved. Here, the authors provide evidence for this hypothesis by showing that photosystem II devoid of the Mn cluster oxidises Mn ions leading to formation of Mn-oxide nanoparticles.

    • Petko Chernev
    • , Sophie Fischer
    • , Jutta Hoffmann
    • , Nicholas Oliver
    • , Ricardo Assunção
    • , Boram Yu
    • , Robert L. Burnap
    • , Ivelina Zaharieva
    • , Dennis J. Nürnberg
    • , Michael Haumann
    •  & Holger Dau

Biological sciences

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    How clamp conformation is regulated in the transcription cycle of stalk-containing archaeal and eukaryotic RNA polymerase (RNAP) systems is still not well understood. Here, the authors combine cryo-EM, X-ray crystallography and photo-crosslinking assays to structurally characterise RNAP, the RNAP-TFEα binary and RNAP-TFEα-promoter DNA ternary complexes from the archaea Thermococcus kodakarensis and enables them to describe the dynamic conformational changes of the general transcription factor TFEα and RNAP during the early stage of transcription cycle.

    • Sung-Hoon Jun
    • , Jaekyung Hyun
    • , Jeong Seok Cha
    • , Hoyoung Kim
    • , Michael S. Bartlett
    • , Hyun-Soo Cho
    •  & Katsuhiko S. Murakami
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Accurately measuring genetic relatedness by Identical-By-Descent (IBD) segments is challenging in biobank-level genome data. The authors present IBD method FastSMC, which when applied to the UK Biobank gives a detailed picture of genetic relatedness and evolutionary history in the UK over the past 2000 years.

    • Juba Nait Saada
    • , Georgios Kalantzis
    • , Derek Shyr
    • , Fergus Cooper
    • , Martin Robinson
    • , Alexander Gusev
    •  & Pier Francesco Palamara

Health sciences

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    Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is characterised by progressive muscle degeneration. Here, the authors show that the BET protein BRD4 is increased in the muscle of DMD mouse models, and that pharmacological inhibition of BRD4 leads to reduced muscle pathology in mice, by modulating NADPH oxidase expression.​

    • Marco Segatto
    • , Roberta Szokoll
    • , Raffaella Fittipaldi
    • , Cinzia Bottino
    • , Lorenzo Nevi
    • , Kamel Mamchaoui
    • , Panagis Filippakopoulos
    •  & Giuseppina Caretti
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Neoadjuvant FLOT regimen has shown promising results for the treatment of locally advanced gastric cancer, however SOX regimen remains the preferred chemotherapy in Eastern countries. Here the authors report that the two therapies result in similar outcomes, measured as clinical downstaging and pathological response, in a phase II randomized clinical trial.

    • Birendra Kumar Sah
    • , Benyan Zhang
    • , Huan Zhang
    • , Jian Li
    • , Fei Yuan
    • , Tao Ma
    • , Min Shi
    • , Wei Xu
    • , Zhenglun Zhu
    • , Wentao Liu
    • , Chao Yan
    • , Chen Li
    • , Bingya Liu
    • , Min Yan
    •  & Zhenggang Zhu
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Interpretation of Computed Tomography Angiography for intracranial aneurysm diagnosis can be time-consuming and challenging. Here, the authors present a deep-learning-based framework achieving improved performance compared to that of radiologists and expert neurosurgeons.

    • Zhao Shi
    • , Chongchang Miao
    • , U. Joseph Schoepf
    • , Rock H. Savage
    • , Danielle M. Dargis
    • , Chengwei Pan
    • , Xue Chai
    • , Xiu Li Li
    • , Shuang Xia
    • , Xin Zhang
    • , Yan Gu
    • , Yonggang Zhang
    • , Bin Hu
    • , Wenda Xu
    • , Changsheng Zhou
    • , Song Luo
    • , Hao Wang
    • , Li Mao
    • , Kongming Liang
    • , Lili Wen
    • , Longjiang Zhou
    • , Yizhou Yu
    • , Guang Ming Lu
    •  & Long Jiang Zhang

News & Comment

  • Comment
    | Open Access

    Extreme heat adversely affects human health, productivity, and well-being, with more frequent and intense heatwaves projected to increase exposures. However, current risk projections oversimplify critical inter-individual factors of human thermoregulation, resulting in unreliable and unrealistic estimates of future adverse health outcomes.

    • Jennifer K. Vanos
    • , Jane W. Baldwin
    • , Ollie Jay
    •  & Kristie L. Ebi
  • Editorial
    | Open Access

    Subduction is the primary driver of plate tectonics, yet we still do not fully understand how subduction zones initiate or the budgets of life-supporting elements recycled via subduction. At Nature Communications, we advocate for more transdisciplinary initiatives and collaborative projects, which are essential if we are to continue to bring new dynamics to subduction research.

  • Comment
    | Open Access

    Electrochemical carbon dioxide (CO2) reduction has the potential to sustainably produce carbon-based fuels and chemicals while mitigating the increasing levels of CO2 in the atmosphere. In this comment, the author discusses a few basic concepts in the fundamental mechanistic studies of electrochemical CO2 reduction.

    • Karen Chan
  • Comment
    | Open Access

    Over the past 15 years, genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have generated a wealth of new information. Larger samples sizes, refined phenotypes and higher-resolution genome-screens will continue to drive gene discovery in years ahead. Meanwhile, GWAS loci are increasingly translated into new biology and opportunities for clinical care.

    • Ruth J. F. Loos
  • Q&A
    | Open Access

    Dr. Yi Liu is the facility director at the Molecular Foundry, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. Trained as a supramolecular chemist and after a postdoctoral stay and working on click chemistry in Sharpless’s group he started his independent research career working on organic electronics, porous materials, and covalent organic frameworks (COFs). His aim is to develop nanostructured electronic materials through the design, synthesis and manipulation of tailor-made molecular constituents.

  • Q&A
    | Open Access

    Prof. Donglin Jiang is a full professor at the National University of Singapore and is recognized as a pioneer in the field of 2D polymers and covalent organic frameworks (COFs). With a background in chemistry and studies on dendrimers for ten years, the beauty of dendrimers inspired him to consider the possibility of constructing other types of polymers with well-defined shapes and structures. After taking up an associate professorship in 2005 to set up an independent laboratory at the Institute for Molecular Science at the National Institute for Natural Science, he started to dedicate his work on the design, synthesis and functional exploration of 2D polymers, COFs and conjugated microporous polymers.

Focus

From Brain to Behaviour

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From Brain to Behaviour

Editors' Highlights: Each month our editors select a small number of Articles recently published in Nature Communications that they believe are particularly interesting or important.

Fiona Carr, Jamie Horder, Sachin Ranade and Jerome Staal

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