China has recently implemented a policy to promote potato as a national staple food and to close its large yield gaps with other countries. The carbon–land–water implications of this policy are examined here by compiling and analysing detailed city-level life-cycle inventories of China’s staple crops. We find that in general potato, despite relatively low yields, has lower greenhouse gas emissions and water demand than other staple crops (maize, wheat and rice) on a per-calorie basis, but substantial regional variation exists for each crop. Integrating potato as a staple in China to meet increases in food demand and close the yield gap has the potential to reduce the total carbon–land–water impacts of staple crops by 17–25% by 2030. However, an unsuccessful integration runs the risk of global burden-shifting if the policy, for example, reduced domestic rice production and led to increased rice imports. Potential synergies between food security and environmental sustainability in China can be created by the potato policy, but greater efforts are needed to promote potato across the entire food supply chain from production to consumption.
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The codes used for data processing, analysis and visualization during the current study are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request.
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The research was funded in part by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (71874078, B. Liu and 71921003, J.B.). We thank Dongyue Zhao for her effort into the early development of this study.
The authors declare no competing interests.
Peer review information Nature Food thanks Zhenling Cui and the other, anonymous, reviewer(s) for their contribution to the peer review of this work.
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Liu, B., Gu, W., Yang, Y. et al. Promoting potato as staple food can reduce the carbon–land–water impacts of crops in China. Nat Food 2, 570–577 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1038/s43016-021-00337-2
Biotechnology for Biofuels and Bioproducts (2022)
Nature Food (2022)
Nature Food (2021)