Seafood is expected to become increasingly important in future food systems and healthy diets. This transition will require the seafood sector to adapt business practices to respond to environmental and social challenges while increasing resilience. Here, we develop the circular economy-resilience framework for business models (CERF-BM) and, through exploring the current literature, apply this framework to business models in the seafood sector. We find that the majority of business models incorporate elements of circular economy and resilience in a limited way. The reviewed business models often fail to consider other supply chain actors and, instead, focus on the business itself and its customers. The CERF-BM helps to elucidate this disconnect through assessing business models against company-level actions towards circularity in combination with systems-level resilience mechanisms. To reap the synergies between the circular economy and resilience mechanisms, seafood businesses could extract more value from organic waste and dematerialize their business models.
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This research is part of the ‘Diverseafood: evaluating the potential of multi-trophic aquaculture to improve nutrition and ecosystem sustainability in the UK’ research project funded by UK Research and Innovation (grant reference BB/S014144/1) and has benefitted from the supportive and collegiate atmosphere of the Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research (Manchester). We are particularly grateful to S. Mander for thorough and insightful comments on a revised version of this paper.
The authors declare no competing interests.
Peer review information Nature Food thanks the anonymous reviewers for their contribution to the peer review of this work.
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Fletcher, C.A., St Clair, R. & Sharmina, M. Seafood businesses’ resilience can benefit from circular economy principles. Nat Food 2, 228–232 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1038/s43016-021-00262-4