We use the genotyping and death register information of 409,693 individuals of British ancestry to investigate fitness effects of the CCR5-∆32 mutation. We estimate a 21% increase in the all-cause mortality rate in individuals who are homozygous for the ∆32 allele. A deleterious effect of the ∆32/∆32 mutation is also independently supported by a significant deviation from the Hardy–Weinberg equilibrium (HWE) due to a deficiency of ∆32/∆32 individuals at the time of recruitment.
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a, The observed deviation using age at recruitment estimated. Each dot represents one age group. The grey error bars show the 95% confidence intervals estimated from bootstrap the genotypes of individuals recruited at each age 1000 times. The sample size used for each error bar ranges from 15191 to 100117 with a mean of 65479. b, The predicted deviation from HWE using the corrected survival probability. A total of 395704 samples are used. The observed and predicted values are significantly correlated (Spearman’s correlation coefficient ρ = 0.67, P = 1.4 × 10−4).
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Nature Medicine (2019)