Treatment failure in chronic hepatitis B

The failure of antiviral therapy for chronic hepatitis B can involve both virological breakthrough and genotypic resistance. A study of the failure of nucleoside analogue therapy suggests that drug-resistant mutants are not solely responsible for treatment failure. Suboptimal treatment adherence might also have an important role.

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Correspondence to Fabien Zoulim.

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Competing interests

F. Zoulim has been a Consultant for Bristol–Myers Squibb, Gilead and Novartis. He has also been on the Speakers' Bureau for Bristol–Myers Squibb and Gilead and has received grant/research support from Gilead and Roche.

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Zoulim, F. Treatment failure in chronic hepatitis B. Nat Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol 8, 366–367 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1038/nrgastro.2011.104

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