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Small RNAs are on the move

Abstract

A key feature of RNA interference is its ability to spread from cell to cell. Such non-cell-autonomous gene silencing has been characterized extensively in both plants and animals, but the identity of the mobile silencing signal has remained elusive. Several recent studies now shed light on the identity of this signal in plants, and indicate that small RNA molecules—from short-interfering RNAs to microRNAs—are capable of moving between cells and through the vasculature. The movement of small, 21–24-nucleotide RNA species has implications for biological processes ranging from developmental patterning and stress responses to epigenetic inheritance.

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Figure 1: siRNA duplexes form the mobile silencing signal.
Figure 2: TAS3- derived tasiR-ARFs form a short-range mobile silencing signal.
Figure 3: Mobile siRNAs mediate graft-transmissible epigenetic silencing.

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Acknowledgements

We thank current and former members of the Timmermans laboratory for discussions. Research on small RNA mobility in the laboratory of M.C.P.T. is supported by a grant from the NSF (IOS-0615752).

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Correspondence to Marja C. P. Timmermans.

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Chitwood, D., Timmermans, M. Small RNAs are on the move. Nature 467, 415–419 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1038/nature09351

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