Article | Published:

Sub-galactic clumps at a redshift of 2.39 and implications for galaxy formation

Nature volume 383, pages 4550 (05 September 1996) | Download Citation

Subjects

Abstract

A large number of very faint, compact objects have been found at a redshift of 2.39 in optical images of the distant Universe. The objects appear to be star-forming spheroids smaller than the bulge of a spiral galaxy; they are much smaller and fainter than typical galaxies seen today. These objects may be part of a reservoir from which many of today's luminous galaxies were formed through repeated mergers.

Access optionsAccess options

Rent or Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.

from$8.99

All prices are NET prices.

References

  1. 1.

    , , & Nature 311, 517–525 (1984).

  2. 2.

    in The Post Recombination Universe (eds Kiser, N. & Lazenby, A. N.) 1–32 (Kluwer, Dordrecht, 1988).

  3. 3.

    Publ. Astron. Soc. Pacif. 102, 709–722 (1990).

  4. 4.

    in The Epoch of Galaxy Formation (eds Frenk, C. S. et al.) 15–29 (Kluwer, Dordrecht, 1989).

  5. 5.

    in Formation of the Galactic Halo... Inside and Out (eds Morrison, H. & Sarajedini, A.) 241–265 (BookCrafters, Provo, UT, 1996).

  6. 6.

    & Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 267, 401–412 (1994).

  7. 7.

    , , , & Astrophys. J. 456, L21–L24 (1996).

  8. 8.

    , , , & Astrophys. J. 462, L17–L21 (1996).

  9. 9.

    et al. Astrophys. J. 449, L23–L27 (1995).

  10. 10.

    et al. Astrophys. J. 434, L55–L58 (1994).

  11. 11.

    , , & Astrophys. J. 429, L13–L17 (1994).

  12. 12.

    et al. Astrophys. J. 435, 540–547 (1994).

  13. 13.

    & Astrophys. J. 445, 37–45 (1995).

  14. 14.

    , , & Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 273, 257–276 (1995).

  15. 15.

    et al. Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 280, 235–251 (1996).

  16. 16.

    et al. Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 273, 157–168 (1995).

  17. 17.

    , , , & Astrophys. J. 455, 108–124 (1995).

  18. 18.

    , & Astron. J. 110, 1576–1583 (1995).

  19. 19.

    & Astrophys. J. 439, 14–28 (1995).

  20. 20.

    , , & Astrophys. J. (submitted).

  21. 21.

    , & Nature 355, 55–58 (1992).

  22. 22.

    , , & Astrophys. J. 404, L45–L49 (1993).

  23. 23.

    et al. Astrophys. J. 457, 490–499 (1996).

  24. 24.

    , & Astrophys. J. 425, L5–L8 (1994).

  25. 25.

    Astron. J. 110, 994–997 (1995).

  26. 26.

    Publ. Astron. Soc. Pacif. 106, 1052–1067 (1994).

  27. 27.

    & Astrophys. J. 415, 580–588 (1993).

  28. 28.

    et al. Astrophys. J. 451, 484–497 (1995).

  29. 29.

    , & Astron. J. 110, 963–981 (1995).

  30. 30.

    & Astrophys. J. 399, L39–L42 (1992).

  31. 31.

    et al. Astrophys. J. 380, 362–383 (1991).

  32. 32.

    , & Astrophys. J. 400, L1–L4 (1992).

  33. 33.

    & Astrophys. J. 302, 564–578 (1987).

  34. 34.

    , & Astrophys. J. 457, L73–L76 (1996).

  35. 35.

    & Astrophys. J. 405, 538–553 (1993).

  36. 36.

    , & Astrophys. J. 357, L9–L12 (1990).

  37. 37.

    & Astrophys. J. 379, 52–79 (1991).

  38. 38.

    , , & Astrophys. J. (submitted).

  39. 39.

    et al. Astrophys. J. 461, 534–545 (1996).

  40. 40.

    , , & Nature 343, 726–728 (1990).

  41. 41.

    et al. Astrophys. J. 456, L1–L4 (1996).

  42. 42.

    , , , & Astrophys. J. 423, L89–L92 (1994).

  43. 43.

    , , & Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 267, 1108–1120 (1994).

  44. 44.

    , , & Astrophys. J. 455, 96–107 (1995).

  45. 45.

    , & Nature 377, 603–605 (1995).

  46. 46.

    in New Light on Galaxy Evolution (eds Bender, R. & Davies, R. L.) 217–220 (Kluwer, Dordrecht, 1996).

  47. 47.

    Astrophys. J. 438, L75–L78 (1995).

  48. 48.

    , , & Astrophys. J. (submitted).

  49. 49.

    , , & Mon. Not. R. Astron. (submitted).

  50. 50.

    et al. Astrophys. J. 453, 599–610 (1995).

  51. 51.

    , & Astrophys. J. 453, 48–64 (1995).

  52. 52.

    , , & Astrophys. J. 405, 498–517 (1993).

  53. 53.

    et al. Publ. Astron. Soc. Pacif. 107, 1065–1093 (1995).

  54. 54.

    Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 187, 73P–76P (1979).

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

  1. Department of Physics and Astronomy, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 85287–1504, USA

    • S. M. Pascarelle
    • , R. A. Windhorst
    •  & S. C. Odewahn
  2. Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Alabama 35487–0324, USA

    • W. C. Keel

Authors

  1. Search for S. M. Pascarelle in:

  2. Search for R. A. Windhorst in:

  3. Search for W. C. Keel in:

  4. Search for S. C. Odewahn in:

About this article

Publication history

Received

Accepted

Published

DOI

https://doi.org/10.1038/383045a0

Further reading

Comments

By submitting a comment you agree to abide by our Terms and Community Guidelines. If you find something abusive or that does not comply with our terms or guidelines please flag it as inappropriate.