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Abstract

ON 8 February 1992, the Ulysses spacecraft flew by Jupiter at a distance of 5.4 AU from the Sun. During the encounter, the spacecraft was deflected into a new orbit, inclined at about 80° to the ecliptic plane, which will ultimately lead Ulysses over the polar regions of the Sun1. Within 1 AU from Jupiter, the onboard dust detector2 recorded periodic bursts of submicrometre dust particles, with durations ranging from several hours to two days, and occurring at approximately monthly intervals (28 ± 3 days). These particles arrived at Ulysses in collimated streams radiating from close to the line-of-sight direction to Jupiter, suggesting a jovian origin for the periodic bursts. Ulysses also detected a flux of micrometre-sized dust particles moving in high-velocity ( =26 km s-1) retrograde orbits (opposite to the motion of the planets); we identify these grains as being of interstellar origin.

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Author information

Author notes

    • H. A. Zook

    NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, Texas 77058, USA

    • A. Balogh
    •  & R. Forsyth

    The Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College, London SW7 2BZ, UK

    • S. J. Bame
    •  & J. L. Phillips

    Los Alamos National Laboratory, University of California, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545, USA

    • M. S. Manner
    •  & C. Polanskey

    Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California 91109, USA

    • M. Horanyi

    Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309, USA

    • B.-A. Lindblad

    Lund Observatory, 221 Lund, Sweden

    • I. Mann

    Max-Planck-lnstitut fur Aeronomie, 3411 Katlenburg-Lindau, Germany

    • J. A. M. McDonnell
    •  & A. Taylor

    University of Kent, Canterbury, CT2 7NR, UK

    • G. E. Morfill

    Max-Planck-lnstitut fur Extraterrestrische Physik, 8046 Garching, Germany

    • G. Schwehm

    European Space Research and Technology Centre, 2200 AG Noordwijk, The Netherlands

    • J. Svestka

    Prague Observatory, 11846 Prague 1, Czech Republic

Affiliations

  1. Max-Planck-lnstitut für Kernphysik, 6900 Heidelberg, Germany

    • E. Grün
    • , H. A. Zook
    • , M. Baguhl
    • , A. Balogh
    • , S. J. Bame
    • , H. Fechtig
    • , R. Forsyth
    • , M. S. Manner
    • , M. Horanyi
    • , J. Kissel
    • , B.-A. Lindblad
    • , D. Linkert
    • , G. Linkert
    • , I. Mann
    • , J. A. M. McDonnell
    • , G. E. Morfill
    • , J. L. Phillips
    • , C. Polanskey
    • , G. Schwehm
    • , N. Siddique
    • , P. Staubach
    • , J. Svestka
    •  & A. Taylor

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About this article

Publication history

Received

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DOI

https://doi.org/10.1038/362428a0

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