Letter | Published:

Deletions of muscle mitochondrial DNA in patients with mitochondrial myopathies

Nature volume 331, pages 717719 (25 February 1988) | Download Citation

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Abstract

In vitro studies of muscle mitochondrial metabolism in patients with mitochondrial myopathy have identified a variety of functional defects of the mitochondrial respiratory chain, predominantly affecting complex I (NADH-CoQ reductase) or complex III (ubiquinol–cytochrome c reductase) in adult cases1–3. These two enzymes consist of 36 subunits, eight of which are encoded by mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA)4–6. The increased incidence of maternal, as opposed to paternal, transmission in familial mitochondrial myopathy suggests that these disorders may be caused by mutations of mtDNA7,8. Multiple restriction endonuclease analysis of leukocyte mtDNA from patients with the disease, and their relatives, showed no differences in cleavage patterns between affected and unaffected individuals in any single maternal line. When muscle mtDNA was studied, nine of 25 patients were found to have two populations of muscle mtDNA, one of which had deletions of up to 7 kilobases in length. These observations demonstrate that mtDNA heteroplasmy can occur in man and that human disease may be associated with defects of the mitochondrial genome.

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  1. Department of Clinical Neurology, Institute of Neurology, Queen Square, London WC1N 3BG, UK

    • I. J. Holt
    • , A. E. Harding
    •  & J. A. Morgan-Hughes

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https://doi.org/10.1038/331717a0

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