Evidence that recessive cellular alleles at specific chromosomal loci are involved in tumorigenesis has been recently shown by work on tissues from patients with retinoblastoma, a neoplasm of embryonic retina whose predisposition is inherited as an autosomal dominant trait1. A comparison of germ-line and tumour genotypes at loci on human chromosome 13, defined by restriction fragment length polymorphisms, showed that loss of the chromosome bearing the wild-type allele at the Rb-1 locus occurred frequently in the development of retinoblastoma. We report here results of similar studies of another embryonal neoplasm, Wilms' tumour of the kidney. Examination of germ-line and tumour genotypes from seven patients showed that five cases were consistent with the presence on human chromosome 11 of a locus in which recessive mutational events are expressed after abnormal chromosomal segregation events during mitosis.
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Koufos, A., Hansen, M., Lampkin, B. et al. Loss of alleles at loci on human chromosome 11 during genesis of Wilms' tumour. Nature 309, 170–172 (1984). https://doi.org/10.1038/309170a0
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