Letter | Published:

Nordstrandite from Guam

Nature volume 196, pages 265266 (20 October 1962) | Download Citation

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Abstract

NORDSTRANDITE (Al2O3·3H2O), previously reported only as a synthetic product1,2, occurs in Miocene limestone on Guam. In south Guam this limestone forms a cap several hundred feet thick, on the Mount Alifan–Mount Lamlan ridge, and overlies late Eocene and early Miocene basalt flows and volcanic conglomerates. The volcanic rocks below the limestone are deeply weathered. The nordstrandite occurs in secondary solution cavities and is concentrated mainly in the basal part of the limestone near its contact with the weathered basalt. In thin section the nordstrandite crystals are seen as flamboyant aggregates reaching lengths of as much as 0.4 mm. The optical properties of the mineral are as follows: The hardness is about 3 and the specific gravity was determined by Edward J. Young to be 2.436.

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References

  1. 1.

    , , and , Nature, 177, 713 (1956).

  2. 2.

    , , and , Bull. Soc. chim. France, 1301 (1958).

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Author information

Affiliations

  1. U.S. Geological Survey, Denver, Colorado.

    • JOHN C. HATHAWAY
  2. U.S. Geological Survey, Berea, Kentucky.

    • SEYMOUR O. SCHLANGER

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DOI

https://doi.org/10.1038/196265a0

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