Letter | Published:

Labile Organo-Halogen Compounds and their Gas Chromatographic Detection and Determination in Biological Media

Naturevolume 193pages573575 (1962) | Download Citation

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Abstract

THE great usefulness of DDT and similar organochlorine pesticides to agriculture and for the preservation of health throughout the world has lead to an enormous distribution of these chemicals. For example, the production in 1959 for DDT in the United States was 156,738,000 lb.1. The ultimate fate of this enormous tonnage in relation to food consumption and to physiological effects on man and animals is a matter that merits and receives considerable scientific investigation.

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References

  1. 1

    Shepard, H. H., The Pesticide Situation for 1959–1960 (U.S. Dept. of Agriculture).

  2. 2

    Chisholm, R. D., U.S. Dep. of Agric. Bull. E-643 (March 1945). Balaban, I. E., and Sutcliffe, F. K., Nature, 155, 755 (1945). Fleck, E. E., and Haller, H. L., J. Amer. Chem. Soc., 66, 2095 (1944); 68, 142 (1946); Indust. Eng. Chem., 37, 403 (1945).

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    Baeyer, F., Ber., 6, 223 (1873). Zeidler, O., ibid., 7, 1180 (1879).

  4. 4

    Sternburg, J., Kearns, C., and Bruce, W., J. Econ. Entomol., 43, 214 (1950). Agosin, M., Michaeli, D., Miskus, R., Nagasawa, S., and Hoskins, W. M., ibid., 54, 340 (1961).

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    Flenner, A. L., J. Amer. Chem. Soc., 68, 2399 (1946).

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    Gunther, F. A., and Tow, L. R., Science, 104, 2696 (1946).

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    Gunther, F. A., and Tow, L. R., J. Soc. Chem. Indust., 66, 57 (1947).

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    Gunther, F. A., Carman, G. E., and Elliot, M. I., J. Econ. Entomol., 41, 895 (1948).

  9. 9

    Kohn, G. K., U.S. Patent No. 2,803,663. This is part of a more generalized study of metal-catalysed destruction of organic molecules in non-aqueous systems. See also U.S. Patent Nos. 2,831,869 and 2,863,880.

  10. 10

    Coulsen, D. M., Cavanagh, L. A., and Stuart, J., J. Agric. Food Chem., 7, 250 (1959). Coulsen, D. M., Cavanagh, L. A., DeVries, J. E., and Walther, B., ibid., 8, 399 (1960).

  11. 11

    Nogare, S. Dal, and Safranski, L. W., in Organic Analysis, 4, 91 (Interscience, New York and London, 1960).

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Affiliations

  1. University of California Citrus Experiment Station, Riverside, California

    • F. A. GUNTHER
    •  & R. C. BLINN
  2. Research Department, California Chemical Co., Richmond, California

    • G. K. KOHN

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https://doi.org/10.1038/193573b0

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