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Experimental Breeding of Anopheles gambiae Giles in Papyrus Swamps



IN Uganda, Anopheles gambiae Giles does not breed in the interior of papyrus swamps, in their natural, undisturbed state. But a considerable amount of breeding may occur at the periphery, outside the papyrus zone, particularly in hoof-prints, cattle-drinking places, and open natural pools1. Also, where papyrus swamps have been drained and the land used for cultivating such crops as Colocasia, larvæ may be found in the shallow, sunlit pools between cultivation-mounds. On the whole, the swamps are not a potent source of malaria2.

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    Hopkins, G. H. E., E. Afr. Med. J., 17, 189 (1940).

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    Goma, L. K. H., Bull. Ent. Res., 51 (in the press).

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    Muirhead-Thomson, R. C., “Mosquito Behaviour” (Arnold, 1951).

  4. 4

    Bates, M., “The Natural History of Mosquitoes” (Macmillan, 1949).

  5. 5

    Carter, G. S., “The Papyrus Swamps of Uganda” (Heffer, 1954).

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    Beadle, L. C., J. Exp. Biol., 35, 556 (1958).

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    Hancock, G. L. R., J. Anim. Ecol., 3, 204 (1934).

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    de Meillon, B., “The Anophelini of the Ethiopian Geographical Region”, Pub. S. Afr. Inst. Med. Res., 10 (1947).

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    Harvey, D., and Symes, C. B., Bull. Ent. Res., 22, 59 (1931).

  10. 10

    Holstein, M. H., “Biology of Anopheles gambiae”, W.H.O. Monogr., No. 9 (1954).

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