Evolution of Nitrogen-fixing Symbiosis in Higher Plants

Abstract

THE study of nitrogen-fixing symbiosis has been mostly confined to legumes. Other symbiotic associations are known, including members of at least four1,2, possibly five3, families of higher flowering plants, and one bryophyte4. The root nodules of Alnus, Myrica and Hippophae appear to contain lower fungi5, but the symbiont responsible for those of Casuarinaseems ill-defined. The leaf nodules of the Rubiaceae contain bacteria6, and the liverwort carries the blue-green alga Nostoc in exterior sacs in the thallus4.

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PARKER, C. Evolution of Nitrogen-fixing Symbiosis in Higher Plants. Nature 179, 593–594 (1957) doi:10.1038/179593a0

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