THE Civil Estimates for the year ending March 31, 1948, now published (Class VI) show a gross estimate of £3,449,375 for the Department of Scientific and Industrial Research, against which appropriations in aid amount to £331,086, the net increase on 1946-47 being £727,355. Grants for investigation and research are estimated at £1,182,000, an increase of £254,400 on 1946-47, of which £842,000 is represented by annual grants to research associations and bodies engaged in industrial research, and £240,000 by grants to students and other persons or bodies engaged in scientific research. Headquarters expenditure is estimated at £175,780 as against £129,604 in 1946-47, and the estimate for the National Physical Laboratory shows an increase from £423,180 to £489,459, with an increase in staff from 611 to 731. The estimate for the Chemical Research Laboratory is increased from £42,158 in 1946-47 to £57,753, with an increase in staff from 58 to 102. Expenditure on the Building Research Station is estimated at £192,390 as against £151,380, with an increase in staff from 255 to 374 ; on food investigation at £88,803 as against £78,365, with an increase from 111 to 136 in staff ; on the Forest Products Research Laboratory at £69,929 as against £61,913, with an increase in staff from 77 to 112 ; on fuel research at £164,676, as against £137,340, with an increase in staff from 174 to 232 ; on the Pest Infestation Laboratory at £22,444 as against £19,386, with an increase in staff from 43 to 52 ; on the Road Research Laboratory at £152,929 as against £97,850, with an increase in staff from 147 to 233 ; and on the Water Pollution Research Laboratory at £29,754 as against £22,058, with an increase in staff from 51 to 74. The total staff is estimated at 2,129 as against 1,538 in 1946-47. For the Geological Survey and Museum of Practical Geology, expenditure is estimated at £187,704 as against £106,941.