Climate-change adaptation

Definition

Climate-change adaptation encompasses a broad range of human policies and activities primarily intended to reduce the risks posed by climate change. It includes both realised and expected risks.

Latest Research and Reviews

  • Research | | open

    The degree to which human societies have responded to past climatic changes remains unclear. Here, using a novel combination of approaches, the authors show how volcanically-induced suppression of Nile summer flooding led to societal unrest in Ptolemaic Egypt (305–30 BCE).

    • Joseph G. Manning
    • , Francis Ludlow
    • , Alexander R. Stine
    • , William R. Boos
    • , Michael Sigl
    •  & Jennifer R. Marlon
  • Research |

    Global groundwater resources are threatened by over-extraction. An agent-based model is presented, incorporating cooperative and collective action theory that reveals tipping points in social attitudes toward conservation in three at-risk regions.

    • Juan Carlos Castilla-Rho
    • , Rodrigo Rojas
    • , Martin S. Andersen
    • , Cameron Holley
    •  & Gregoire Mariethoz
  • Research |

    It is often assumed that increased flooding due to sea-level rise will lead to mass migration. However, this study shows that residents of island communities in the Philippines prefer to implement local adaptation measures in response to frequent severe flooding rather than relocate.

    • Ma. Laurice Jamero
    • , Motoharu Onuki
    • , Miguel Esteban
    • , Xyza Kristina Billones-Sensano
    • , Nicholson Tan
    • , Angelie Nellas
    • , Hiroshi Takagi
    • , Nguyen Danh Thao
    •  & Ven Paolo Valenzuela
  • Research |

    Climate change affects the availability of water for cooling thermoelectric power plants, causing curtailments in generation. This study models how future changes in water availability due to climate and water usage impacts power generation across the EU, and assesses different adaptation strategies.

    • Paul Behrens
    • , Michelle T. H. van Vliet
    • , Tijmen Nanninga
    • , Brid Walsh
    •  & João F. D. Rodrigues
    Nature Energy 2, 17114
  • Research | | open

    The impact of climate change on phosphorus (P) loss from land to water is unclear. Here, the authors use P flux data, climate simulations and P transfer models to show that only large scale agricultural change will limit the effect of climate change on average winter P loads in three catchments across the UK.

    • M. C. Ockenden
    • , M. J. Hollaway
    • , K. J. Beven
    • , A. L. Collins
    • , R. Evans
    • , P. D. Falloon
    • , K. J. Forber
    • , K. M. Hiscock
    • , R. Kahana
    • , C. J. A. Macleod
    • , W. Tych
    • , M. L. Villamizar
    • , C. Wearing
    • , P. J. A. Withers
    • , J. G. Zhou
    • , P. A. Barker
    • , S. Burke
    • , J. E. Freer
    • , P. J. Johnes
    • , M. A. Snell
    • , B. W. J. Surridge
    •  & P. M. Haygarth

News and Comment