Agriculture

Definition

Agriculture is the cultivation of plants, animals, and some other organisms, such as fungi, for the production of food, fibre, fuel, and medicines used by society.

Featured

Latest Research and Reviews

  • Research |

    Recent outbreaks of wheat stem rust pose a threat to global wheat production. A powerful computational modelling approach is now used to trace and predict the spread of these new pathogen stains, and can potentially be applied to other wind-dispersed spores.

    • M. Meyer
    • , J. A. Cox
    • , M. D. T. Hitchings
    • , L. Burgin
    • , M. C. Hort
    • , D. P. Hodson
    •  & C. A. Gilligan
    Nature Plants 3, 780–786
  • Research | | open

    • Juan Carlos Laso Bayas
    • , Myroslava Lesiv
    • , François Waldner
    • , Anne Schucknecht
    • , Martina Duerauer
    • , Linda See
    • , Steffen Fritz
    • , Dilek Fraisl
    • , Inian Moorthy
    • , Ian McCallum
    • , Christoph Perger
    • , Olha Danylo
    • , Pierre Defourny
    • , Javier Gallego
    • , Sven Gilliams
    • , Ibrar ul Hassan Akhtar
    • , Swarup Jyoti Baishya
    • , Mrinal Baruah
    • , Khangsembou Bungnamei
    • , Alfredo Campos
    • , Trishna Changkakati
    • , Anna Cipriani
    • , Krishna Das
    • , Keemee Das
    • , Inamani Das
    • , Kyle Frankel Davis
    • , Purabi Hazarika
    • , Brian Alan Johnson
    • , Ziga Malek
    • , Monia Elisa Molinari
    • , Kripal Panging
    • , Chandra Kant Pawe
    • , Ana Pérez-Hoyos
    • , Parag Kumar Sahariah
    • , Dhrubajyoti Sahariah
    • , Anup Saikia
    • , Meghna Saikia
    • , Peter Schlesinger
    • , Elena Seidacaru
    • , Kuleswar Singha
    •  & John W Wilson
    Scientific Data 4, 170136
  • Research |

    The authors predict biodiversity loss under potential future agricultural change. Agricultural expansion threatens species richness and abundance worldwide (up to one-third in some areas), often with little overlap between protected areas and high-risk expansion areas.

    • Laura Kehoe
    • , Alfredo Romero-Muñoz
    • , Ester Polaina
    • , Lyndon Estes
    • , Holger Kreft
    •  & Tobias Kuemmerle
  • Research | | open

    Sustainable development goals for water use and food production are in conflict, but this could be reduced by proper water management. Here, violations of global environmental flow requirements for rivers are quantified and related to reconciliation potentials in irrigated and rainfed agriculture.

    • Jonas Jägermeyr
    • , Amandine Pastor
    • , Hester Biemans
    •  & Dieter Gerten
  • Reviews |

    Before maize-based agriculture, there existed in eastern North America a crop system that is now only known from archaeological data. Present research is exploring whether these crops, which sustained ancient societies for millennia, can be re-domesticated.

    • Natalie G. Mueller
    • , Gayle J. Fritz
    • , Paul Patton
    • , Stephen Carmody
    •  & Elizabeth T. Horton
    Nature Plants 3, 17092

News and Comment

  • Comments and Opinion |

    The European infrastructures EMPHASIS and AnaEE aim to collaborate in bringing innovative solutions for a sustainable intensification of agriculture. By integrating the study of plant phenomics and agricultural ecology they hope to foster the development of novel scientific concepts, sensors and integrated models.

    • Jacques Roy
    • , François Tardieu
    • , Michèle Tixier-Boichard
    •  & Ulrich Schurr
    Nature Plants 3, 756–758
  • News and Views |

    Temperature increases are associated with decreases in rainfall and ensuing crop yields. A recent study estimates that such warming over the last 30 years is responsible for 59,300 extra suicides in India, and proposes a new perspective to contextualize the linked effects of global warming in affected agricultural communities.

    • Steven Stack
    Nature Plants 3, 763–764
  • Comments and Opinion |

    The treatment of agriculture has evolved over the lifetime of the IPCC, as tracked by the assessment reports. Efforts to quantify crop yield impacts and mitigation potentials have increased significantly, as has adaptation research. However, there remains a dearth of experimental and observational studies.

    • John R. Porter
    • , Mark Howden
    •  & Pete Smith