Review

Nature Reviews Microbiology 8, 185-195 (March 2010) | doi:10.1038/nrmicro2261

Bacterial nucleoid-associated proteins, nucleoid structure and gene expression

Shane C. Dillon1 & Charles J. Dorman1  About the authors

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Emerging models of the bacterial nucleoid show that nucleoid-associated proteins (NAPs) and transcription contribute in combination to the dynamic nature of nucleoid structure. NAPs and other DNA-binding proteins that display gene-silencing and anti-silencing activities are emerging as key antagonistic regulators of nucleoid structure. Furthermore, it is becoming clear that the boundary between NAPs and conventional transcriptional regulators is quite blurred and that NAPs facilitate the evolution of novel gene regulatory circuits. Here, NAP biology is considered from the standpoints of both gene regulation and nucleoid structure.

Author affiliations

  1. Department of Microbiology, School of Genetics and Microbiology, Moyne Institute of Preventive Medicine, Trinity College, Dublin 2, Ireland.

Correspondence to: Charles J. Dorman1 Email: cjdorman@tcd.ie

Published online 8 February 2010

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