Curious Behavior: Yawning, Laughing, Hiccupping, and Beyond
How can farting, sneezing and other marginal biological realities illuminate humanness? Neuroscientist Robert Provine turns an evolutionary lens on everything from the gross to the faintly improper. The 'contagiousness' of yawning, for instance, hints at the roots of empathy and herd behaviour. Burping and farting were involved in the development of speech, says Provine. And tickling may play a part in our early understanding that we are distinct beings (you can't tickle yourself). An exercise in 'small science' — some of it speculative, all of it fascinating.
The Guardian of All Things: The Epic Story of Human Memory
Memory is a kind of relay, with each generation passing its torch on to the next — creating a conduit for thought and civilization through the eons. In his evocative book, technology writer Michael Malone traces that history from the brain's evolution and the development of speech and writing to advances in recording, the rise of technology and the shifts in ownership of memory from the tribal elect to the masses. The book is packed with gems, including a passage on the twelfth century, when Greek and Arabic science infused Europe, filling its libraries and helping to seed its universities.
Dreamland: Adventures in the Strange Science of Sleep
Sleep occupies us for one-third of our lives. So insomnia, nightmares, deprivation and other aspects of bad sleeping are an obsession for thousands. The tipping point for journalist David Randall was sleepwalking into a wall. Astonished by a specialist's admission of ignorance about the condition, Randall set out to uncover research and shine a light into some dark corners. The entertaining result covers plenty of territory, from the medieval habit of dividing nightly sleeps to the link between vacuum cleaners and sleep apnea. Along the way, Randall picks up the basics for crafting a healthy snooze.
Air: The Restless Shaper of the World
Arboriculturist William Bryant Logan follows Oak (Norton, 2005) and Dirt (Norton, 2007) with this splendid exploration of the “floating world” of air — our planet's invisible skin. Starting with the tornadoes that hit New York in 2010, he both warns of and celebrates the often turbulent and dangerous action of atmosphere. Logan delivers vast amounts of science with brevity and elegance, and is as breezy describing the billion tonnes of dust that blow from African deserts to fertilize the Amazon as he is discussing the echolocation skills of some people with sight impairment.
The Big Muddy: An Environmental History of the Mississippi and Its Peoples, from Hernando de Soto to Hurricane Katrina
Seven years ago this month, Hurricane Katrina triggered massive flooding in the valley of the Mississippi. The environmental backstory of the catastrophe is as rich as river sediment, and historian Christopher Morris takes us through 500 years of it. The valley's metamorphosis from vast wetland staked out by France and Spain to a patchwork of development — drained swamp, levees, deforestation, industry and poor urban planning — is powerfully recounted.