Ubiquitin ligases

  • Article
    | Open Access

    Hyperphosphorylated Tau accumulation promotes neurodegeneration in Alzheimer’s disease. Here, the authors screen a miRNA library in Drosophila and identify a conserved ubiquitin ligase that directs Tau for autophagic degradation, uncovering a potential target to treat Tau-mediated neurodegeneration.

    • Manivannan Subramanian
    • , Seung Jae Hyeon
    •  & Kweon Yu
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Haematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) are metabolically quiescent, with balanced myeloid and lymphoid potential. Here the authors show that MAEA is required in HSCs for ubiquitination and downregulation of surface cytokine receptors via autophagy; MAEA loss leads to impaired HSC quiescence and a myeloproliferative disorder.

    • Qiaozhi Wei
    • , Sandra Pinho
    •  & Paul S. Frenette
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Mediators of insulin signalling are targets of cullin-RING ubiquitin ligases (CRL) that mediate protein degradation, but the role of protein degradation in insulin signalling is incompletely understood. Here, the authors identified a glucose-responsive CRL4-COP1-ETV5 proteolytic axis that promotes insulin secretion, and is inhibited under hypoglycemia.

    • Hong Lin
    • , Yuan Yan
    •  & Feng Rao
  • Article
    | Open Access

    The tumor suppressor FBW7 is a substrate adaptor for the E3 ubiquitin ligase complex SKP1-CUL1-F-box (SCF) and itself a target for ubiquitylation. Here, the authors show that TRIP12 mediates branched K11-linked ubiquitylation of FBW7, to regulate its stability and thus abundance of a subset of SCFFBW7 substrates.

    • Omar M. Khan
    • , Jorge Almagro
    •  & Axel Behrens
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Sarcopenia is the age-associated functional decline and atrophy of muscle fibers, and it has been proposed that it might be counteracted by inducing myofiber hypertrophy. Here, the authors show that expression levels of the ubiquitin ligase UBR4 are increased with ageing, and that whilst its genetic ablation rescues muscle atrophy, it is also associated with reduced protein quality and impaired force production in Drosophila and mouse models.

    • Liam C. Hunt
    • , Bronwen Schadeberg
    •  & Fabio Demontis
  • Article
    | Open Access

    NOT4 proteins associate with ribosomes and are required for co-translational quality control in yeast and animals. Here, Bailey et al. show that Arabidopsis NOT4A positively regulates the expression of the nuclear encoded pentatricopeptide repeat (PPR) protein PGR3 and is required for ribosome biogenesis and mRNA translation in the chloroplast.

    • Mark Bailey
    • , Aiste Ivanauskaite
    •  & Daniel J. Gibbs
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Testis-restricted melanoma antigen (MAGE) proteins function as substrate adapters for E3 ubiquitin ligases. Biochemical and structural analyses of MAGE-A11 provide insight into the substrate binding mode of MAGE proteins and enable discovery of potent, cytotoxic inhibitors of MAGE-A11:substrate interaction.

    • Seung Wook Yang
    • , Xin Huang
    •  & Patrick Ryan Potts
  • Article
    | Open Access

    RNF43 is frequently mutated in cancers and negatively regulates Wnt signalling. Here, the authors report that RNF43 phosphorylation at a serine triplet is required for the negative regulation of Wnt signalling and that the phosphorylation of RNF43 suppresses cancer-associated oncogenic RNF43 mutants.

    • Tadasuke Tsukiyama
    • , Juqi Zou
    •  & Shigetsugu Hatakeyama
  • Article
    | Open Access

    5-hydroxythalidomide is a primary thalidomide metabolite generated by the cytochrome P450 isozymes. The reported data, including crystal structure of the 5-hydroxythalidomide-mediated complex of CRBN with SALL4, elucidate how additional hydroxy group of the metabolite enhances the interaction of CRBN with the neosubstrate SALL4.

    • Hirotake Furihata
    • , Satoshi Yamanaka
    •  & Takuya Miyakawa
  • Article
    | Open Access

    p53 is an important tumor suppressor protein which is regulated by the E3 ubiquitin ligase MDM2. Here the authors reveal that DNA damage-induced Ser429 phosphorylation of MDM2 serve to boost the activity of MDM2 homodimer by stabilizing the active E2–ubiquitin complex and promote its self-destruction to enable rapid p53 stabilization.

    • Helge M. Magnussen
    • , Syed F. Ahmed
    •  & Danny T. Huang
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Pathological cardiac fibrosis is a hallmark of diseases leading to heart failure. Here, the authors used systems genetics to identify a pro-fibrotic gene network regulated by WWP2, a E3 ubiquitin ligase, which orchestrates the nucleocytoplasmic shuttling and transcriptional activity of SMAD2 in the diseased heart.

    • Huimei Chen
    • , Aida Moreno-Moral
    •  & Enrico Petretto
  • Article
    | Open Access

    How intracellular cAMP activate PKA is well-characterized, but PKA inactivation remains poorly understood. Here, Rinaldi et al. show that CHIP/HSP70 ubiquitinates the catalytic subunit of PKA, with implications for the human disease spinocerebellar ataxia 16, as patients often have CHIP mutations.

    • Laura Rinaldi
    • , Rossella Delle Donne
    •  & Antonio Feliciello
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Membrane elongation is fundamental to autophagy and is controlled by an ubiquitin-conjugating cascade orchestrated by ATG16L1. Here, the authors identify that the E3 ligase Gigaxonin regulates autophagosome formation by controlling ATG16L1 turnover.

    • Aurora Scrivo
    • , Patrice Codogno
    •  & Pascale Bomont
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Lysine methylation is increasingly being implicated in the modification of non-histone proteins. Here the authors find that the methylation of DNMT1 and E2F1 are recognized by the protein L3MBTL3 and the ubiquitin E3 ligase CRL4DCAF5, which cooperatively target these methylated proteins for ubiquitin-dependent proteolysis.

    • Feng Leng
    • , Jiekai Yu
    •  & Hui Zhang
  • Article
    | Open Access

    The U-box ubiquitin ligase UFD-2 is one of the most abundant components of the ubiquitin proteasome system in muscle cells. Here the authors perform in vitro and in vivo experiments and show that UFD-2 has E3 ligase activity and that it ubiquitinates unfolded myosin using the C. elegans myosin chaperone UNC-45 as an adaptor protein.

    • Doris Hellerschmied
    • , Max Roessler
    •  & Tim Clausen
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Ubiquitin ligases play critical roles in neuronal connectivity in the brain. Here, Valnegri and colleagues show that ubiquitin ligase RNF8 and ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme UBC13 regulate synapse number in cerebellar granule neurons and rodent cerebellar learning.

    • Pamela Valnegri
    • , Ju Huang
    •  & Azad Bonni
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Protein stability modulation by E3 ubiquitin ligases is an important layer of functional regulation, but screening for E3 ligase-substrate interactions is time-consuming and costly. Here, the authors take an in silico naïve Bayesian classifier approach to integrate multiple lines of evidence for E3-substrate prediction, enabling prediction of the proteome-wide human E3 ligase interaction network.

    • Yang Li
    • , Ping Xie
    •  & Fuchu He
  • Article
    | Open Access

    HHARI is a RING-in-between-RING (RBR) ubiquitin (Ub) E3 ligase. Here the authors present the crystal structure of HHARI with the UbcH7 ~ Ub thioester intermediate mimetic, which reveals that HHARI binds this E2 ~ Ub in an open conformation and explains the specificity of this cognate RBR E3/E2 pair.

    • Lingmin Yuan
    • , Zongyang Lv
    •  & Shaun K. Olsen
  • Article
    | Open Access

    The Greatwall/Ensa/PP2A-B55 pathway controls mitotic substrate phosphorylation and mitotic entry. Here the authors show that cells regulate S phase duration by controlling the ubiquitin-proteasome degradation of Treslin in a Gwl/Ensa-dependent pathway.

    • Sophie Charrasse
    • , Aicha Gharbi-Ayachi
    •  & Anna Castro
  • Article
    | Open Access

    The phytohormone auxin is sensed by SCFTIR1-AUX/IAA receptors leading to AUX/IAA repressor ubiquitylation and turnover. Here the authors show that IAA6 and IAA19 differ in their ubiquitylation and turnover dynamics, differentially contributing to auxin sensing and enabling discrimination of auxin concentrations.

    • Martin Winkler
    • , Michael Niemeyer
    •  & Luz Irina A. Calderón Villalobos
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Stress granules (SG) comprise aggregates of cellular messenger ribonucleoproteins (mRNPs) but how they form is unclear. Here, the authors identify NEDD4, an E3 ubiquitin ligase, as regulating the RNA binding protein NANOS2 and turnover of mRNP components, and so SG disassembly in spermatogonial stem cells.

    • Zhi Zhou
    • , Hiroshi Kawabe
    •  & Yumiko Saga
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Hrd1 is an E3 ubiquitin ligase involved in ER-associated degradation and MHC I turnover. Here the authors use T-cell-specific ko mice and a mouse model of multiple sclerosis to show that Hrd1 also drives pro-inflammatory T helper cell responses and contributes to pathogenesis of autoimmune disease.

    • Yuanming Xu
    • , Fang Zhao
    •  & Deyu Fang
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Stress granules that form in response to stress contain translationally stalled mRNPs and play important roles in cellular homeostasis. Here the authors implicate SRSF3 neddylation as an important factor in the formation of stress granules in response to arsenite exposure.

    • Aravinth Kumar Jayabalan
    • , Anthony Sanchez
    •  & Takbum Ohn
  • Article
    | Open Access

    RAD18 is an important protein in trans-lesion synthesis, an error-prone damage-tolerant mode of DNA replication. Here the authors show that MAGE-A4 stabilizes RAD18 and allows cancer cells to maintain on-going DNA synthesis in the face of genotoxic injury.

    • Yanzhe Gao
    • , Elizabeth Mutter-Rottmayer
    •  & Cyrus Vaziri
  • Article
    | Open Access

    A cellular protease, SPP, participates in production of the mature core protein of hepatitis C virus (HCV). Here, the authors show in mouse models that SPP inhibition reduces viral propagation and pathogenesis via proteasomal degradation of the immature core protein mediated by the E3 ubiquitin ligase TRC8.

    • Sayaka Aizawa
    • , Toru Okamoto
    •  & Yoshiharu Matsuura
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Mesoaccumbal terminals within the VTA are known to co-release both GABA and dopamine, although the functional role of the former has yet to be determined. Here, the authors find that non-canonical GABA release is regulated by the E3-ubiquitin ligase, UBE3A, and enhances optogenetic self-stimulation.

    • Janet Berrios
    • , Alice M. Stamatakis
    •  & Benjamin D. Philpot
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Cellular senescence—the permanent cessation of cell proliferation—is a process that can be deregulated in cancer and other aging-related diseases. Here the authors demonstrate that the SCFFbxo22-KDM4A complex plays an essential role during senescence as an E3 ligase that targets methylated p53 for degradation.

    • Yoshikazu Johmura
    • , Jia Sun
    •  & Makoto Nakanishi
  • Article
    | Open Access

    mRNA deadenylation, the first step in regulated degradation, is mediated by the action of the CCR4-NOT and PAN2-PAN3 complexes. Here the authors show that the RNA-binding E3 ubiquitin-ligase MEX-3C associates with the CCR4-NOT complex and ubiquitinates the catalytic subunit CNOT7 to regulate its deadenylation activity.

    • Florencia Cano
    • , Radu Rapiteanu
    •  & Paul J. Lehner
  • Article
    | Open Access

    The hormones abscisic acid and gibberellins act antagonistically in plant development and stress responses. Here Lin et al. show that the rice Tiller Enhancer protein is required for gibberellin-induced degradation of abscisic acid signalling components, uncovering mechanistic insights into hormone signalling crosstalk.

    • Qibing Lin
    • , Fuqing Wu
    •  & Jianmin Wan
  • Article |

    Polycomb repressive complex 1 (PRC1) ubiquitinates histone H2A at lysine 119. Here the authors show that the intrinsically low activity of PCGF4–RING1B, a canonical PRC1 E3 ligase, is offset by a favourable interaction with nucleosome substrates, resulting in efficient site-specific monoubiquitination.

    • Asad M. Taherbhoy
    • , Oscar W. Huang
    •  & Andrea G. Cochran
  • Article
    | Open Access

    The SUMO-targeted ubiquitin ligase RNF111 promotes K63-linked ubiquitylation of SUMOylated XPC after DNA damage. Here the authors show that RNF111 is responsible for sequential XPC ubiquitylation, and RNF111-mediated ubiquitylation promotes the release of XPC from damaged DNA after NER initiation.

    • Loes van Cuijk
    • , Gijsbert J. van Belle
    •  & Jurgen A. Marteijn