Physics

  • Article
    | Open Access

    Laser spectroscopic measurements of isotopes near the doubly-magic 100-Sn are challenging due to difficulties in their production. Here the authors measure the ground state charge radius of the proton-rich 96-Ag isotope and find a discontinuity in the nuclear size when crossing the neutron number N equal to 50.

    • M. Reponen
    • , R. P. de Groote
    •  & I. D. Moore
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Switching of ferrimagnets by current-induced spin-orbit torque is promising for spintronics, due to their high-speed dynamics and small macroscopic magnetization. Switching of perpendicularly magnetized materials, however, requires a bias field for symmetry breaking. Here, Zheng et al demonstrate field-free current-induced switching of perpendicular ferrimagnets, using a compositional gradient-driven Dzyaloshinskii–Moriya interaction.

    • Zhenyi Zheng
    • , Yue Zhang
    •  & Pedram Khalili Amiri
  • Article
    | Open Access

    The analysis of networks and network processes can require low-dimensional representations, possible for specific structures only. The authors propose a geometric formalism which allows to unfold the mechanisms of dynamical processes propagation in various networks, relevant for control and community detection.

    • Adam Gosztolai
    •  & Alexis Arnaudon
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Despite advances in the design of thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) emitters for devices, the effect of spin interactions is not well understood. Here, the authors report the role of spin-vibronic coupling in TADF organic emitters using transient electron spin resonance spectroscopy.

    • Bluebell H. Drummond
    • , Naoya Aizawa
    •  & Emrys W. Evans
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Microcavity exciton-polaritons in atomically thin semiconductors are a promising platform for valley manipulation. Here, the authors show valley-selective control of polariton energies in monolayer WS2 using the optical Stark effect, thereby extending coherent valley manipulation to a hybrid light-matter regime

    • Trevor LaMountain
    • , Jovan Nelson
    •  & Nathaniel P. Stern
  • Article
    | Open Access

    It was predicted that complex thermalizing behaviour can arise in many-body systems in the absence of disorder. Here, the authors observe non-ergodic dynamics in a tilted optical lattice that is distinct from previously studied regimes, and propose a microscopic mechanism that is due to emergent kinetic constrains.

    • Sebastian Scherg
    • , Thomas Kohlert
    •  & Monika Aidelsburger
  • Article
    | Open Access

    RuCl3 has stood out as a prime candidate in the search for quantum spin liquids; however, its antiferromagnetic ordering at low temperature suggests deviations from typical QSL models. Here, using resonant inelastic x-ray scattering, the authors provide a comprehensive determination of the low energy effective Hamiltonian.

    • H. Suzuki
    • , H. Liu
    •  & B. Keimer
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Spontaneous symmetry breaking can induce instabilities in natural and engineered systems. Nicolaou et al. show that such instabilities can be prevented by introducing suitable system asymmetry in the form of spatial heterogeneity, relevant for the development of novel control and design techniques.

    • Zachary G. Nicolaou
    • , Daniel J. Case
    •  & Adilson E. Motter
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Coherent conversion between optical and microwave photonics is needed for future quantum applications. Here, the authors combine thin-film lithium niobate and superconductor platforms as a hybrid electro-optic system to achieve high-efficiency frequency conversion between microwave and optical modes.

    • Yuntao Xu
    • , Ayed Al Sayem
    •  & Hong X. Tang
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Current hypotheses towards quantisation of gravity imply the presence of a minimal length scale, which may have a role in explaining quantum-to-classical transition. Here, the authors show how assuming the minimal length scale to be a fluctuating quantity leads to a possible universal decoherence mechanism.

    • Luciano Petruzziello
    •  & Fabrizio Illuminati
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Spin defects in two-dimensional materials potentially offer unique advantages for quantum sensing in terms of sensitivity and functionality. Here, the authors demonstrate the use of spin defects in hexagonal boron nitride as sensors of magnetic field, temperature and pressure, and show that their performance is comparable or exceeds that of existing platforms.

    • Andreas Gottscholl
    • , Matthias Diez
    •  & Vladimir Dyakonov
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Understanding the strange metal behavior, characterized by linear-in-temperature resistivity, could shed light on the mechanism of unconventional superconductivity. Here, by using electrical resistivity measurements into the micro-Kelvin regime, the authors report evidence of unconventional superconductivity in the strange metal YbRh2Si2 and propose a possible pairing mechanism.

    • D. H. Nguyen
    • , A. Sidorenko
    •  & S. Paschen
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Single-molecular magnets (SMM) are promising candidates for quantum technologies given the ease of repeatable manufacture and potential as qudits. Here, Biard et al succeed in electronically reading out a SMM containing two high-spin terbium atoms, allowing for a 16 dimensional Hilbert space.

    • Hugo Biard
    • , Eufemio Moreno-Pineda
    •  & Franck Balestro
  • Article
    | Open Access

    The experimental realization of higher order topological insulator (HOTI) in solid state materials remains elusive. Here, Aggarwal et al. reveal hinge states on three edges of both Bi and Bi0.92Sb0.08 (110) islands, supporting them as a class of HOTI.

    • Leena Aggarwal
    • , Penghao Zhu
    •  & Vidya Madhavan
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Several key tasks in quantum information processing can be regarded as channel manipulation. Here, focusing on the class of distillation protocols, the authors derive general bounds on resource overhead and incurred errors, showing application to magic state distillation and quantum channel capacities.

    • Bartosz Regula
    •  & Ryuji Takagi
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Nuclear spins in diamond are promising for applications in quantum technologies due to their long coherence times. Here, the authors demonstrate a scalable electrical readout of individual intrinsic 14N nuclear spins in diamond, mediated by hyperfine coupling to electron spin of the NV center, as a step towards room-temperature nanoscale diamond quantum devices.

    • Michal Gulka
    • , Daniel Wirtitsch
    •  & Milos Nesladek
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Photonics-based radars offer intriguing potential but face tradeoffs in tunability, complexity, and noise. Here the authors present microwave generation in a photonics platform by heterodyning of two low-noise, self-injection-locked lasers, and demonstrate its advantages in an FMCW radar system.

    • Eric A. Kittlaus
    • , Danny Eliyahu
    •  & Siamak Forouhar
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Photon echo techniques are difficult to implement in the quantum regime due to coherent and spontaneous emission noise. Here, the authors propose a low-noise photon-echo quantum memory approach based on all-optical control in a four-level system, and demonstrate it using a Eu3+:Y2SiO5 crystal.

    • You-Zhi Ma
    • , Ming Jin
    •  & Guang-Can Guo
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Thermoelectric effects are limited to electrons to occur, and disappear at low temperatures due to electronic entropy quenching. Here, the authors report thermoelectric generation caused by nuclear spins down to 100 mK due to nuclear-spin excitation in a magnetically ordered material MnCO3.

    • T. Kikkawa
    • , D. Reitz
    •  & E. Saitoh
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Photon upconversion with near-infrared excitation and ultraviolet emission has many applications, but suffers from low quantum efficiency. Here, the authors report a six-photon upconversion process in nanoparticles with heterogeneous core-multishell structure, that regulate the energy transfer pathway.

    • Qianqian Su
    • , Han-Lin Wei
    •  & Dayong Jin
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Photomutiplication-type organic photodetectors (PM-OPDs) are attractive for various next-generation technologies due to their lower cost, higher sensitivity and technological utility. Here, the authors report vacuum-processed narrowband PM-OPDs with enhanced sub-bandgap external quantum efficiency.

    • Jonas Kublitski
    • , Axel Fischer
    •  & Karl Leo
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Refraction between anisotropic media is still an unexplored phenomenon. Here, the authors investigate the propagation of hyperbolic phonon polaritons traversing α-MoO3 nanoprisms, showing a bending-free refraction effect and sub-diffractional focusing with foci size as small as 1/50 of the light wavelength in free space.

    • J. Duan
    • , G. Álvarez-Pérez
    •  & P. Alonso-González
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Magnetic Weyl semimetals in the 2D limit may behave like 2D Chern insulators and host the quantum anomalous Hall effect at high temperatures. Here, the authors report the observation of linearly dispersing topological states confined to the edges of the kagome Co3Sn terraces in the magnetic Weyl system Co3Sn2S2.

    • Sean Howard
    • , Lin Jiao
    •  & Vidya Madhavan
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Up-conversion photoluminescence in colloidal quantum dots is generally believed to be mediated by thermal activation from defect states. Here, the authors reveal that highly-efficient up-conversion photoluminescence instead is related to electron-phonon coupling.

    • Zikang Ye
    • , Xing Lin
    •  & Xiaogang Peng
  • Article
    | Open Access

    In real materials, a spin quantum number assumes a fixed value, which makes it challenging to realize a crossover between quantum and classical spin regimes. Here the authors demonstrate such a crossover in a weakly coupled chain compound by controlling the amount of quantum correlations, in the form of the inverse spin quantum number, with external pressure.

    • Daisuke Yamamoto
    • , Takahiro Sakurai
    •  & Yoshiya Uwatoko
  • Article
    | Open Access

    It was suggested that the breakdown of the quantum Hall effect in graphene originates from the coupling between counter propagating edge modes. Here, by using scanning gate microscopy, the authors propose a microscopic mechanism of this coupling due to antidots present at graphene edges.

    • N. Moreau
    • , B. Brun
    •  & B. Hackens
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Laser-assisted electron scattering (LAES) is a commonly observed strong field process in gas phase systems. Here the authors use helium droplets with core atoms and molecules to observe increased electron energy due to multiple LAES events within the droplets.

    • Leonhard Treiber
    • , Bernhard Thaler
    •  & Markus Koch
  • Article
    | Open Access

    The Jahn-Teller effect is the spontaneous symmetry breaking of the molecular structure caused by the coupling of electrons and nuclei. Here the authors use ultrafast Coulomb explosion imaging to map the evolution of the fundamental symmetry lowering process in photoionized methane within around 20fs.

    • Min Li
    • , Ming Zhang
    •  & Peixiang Lu
  • Article
    | Open Access

    The observation of negative capacitance effect is focused on the ferroelectrics, while the antiferroelectrics based on Landau switches may have negative capacitance effect. Here, the authors report the static and transient negative capacitance effect in antiferroelectric PbZrO3 and reveal its origin.

    • Leilei Qiao
    • , Cheng Song
    •  & Feng Pan
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Single atom magnets on surfaces offer potentially long lived and stable spin states, particular lanthanides, which can be adsorbed onto Magnesium Oxide. Here, the authors report on Dysprosium adsorbed onto Magnesium Oxide, which exhibits large magnetic anisotropy energy, and a spin life time of several days at low temperatures

    • A. Singha
    • , P. Willke
    •  & T. Choi
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Twist-angle disorder is considered a major source of sample-to-sample variation in magic-angle twisted bilayer graphene. By using scanning tunnelling spectroscopy, the authors demonstrate that a small doping inhomogeneity, present in typical samples, is amplified near the flat band edges and can be another source of disturbance for the flat band physics.

    • Nikhil Tilak
    • , Xinyuan Lai
    •  & Eva Y. Andrei
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Strong nonlinearities, like high harmonic generation in optical systems, can lead to interesting applications in photonics. Here the authors fabricate a thin resonant gallium phosphide metasurface capable of avoiding the laser-induced damage and demonstrate efficient even and odd high harmonic generation from it when driven by mid-infrared laser pulses.

    • Maxim R. Shcherbakov
    • , Haizhong Zhang
    •  & Gennady Shvets
  • Article
    | Open Access

    The Doppler effect is a wave phenomenon that can find the magnitude of velocity of moving targets with scalar waves. Here, the authors use vectorially structured light with spatially variant polarization to fully determine both the magnitude of velocity and motion direction of a moving particle.

    • Liang Fang
    • , Zhenyu Wan
    •  & Jian Wang
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Hybrid devices based on electrons on helium may find application in quantum devices. Here the authors demonstrate surface acoustic wave driven acoustoelectric transport of electrons on superfluid helium.

    • H. Byeon
    • , K. Nasyedkin
    •  & J. Pollanen
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Despite the discovery of Majorana zero modes (MZM) in iron-based superconductors, sample inhomogeneity may destroy MZMs during braiding. Here, authors observe MZM in impurity-assisted vortices due to tuning of the bulk Dirac fermions in a homogeneous superconductor LiFeAs.

    • Lingyuan Kong
    • , Lu Cao
    •  & Hong Ding
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Long-range coherent spin-qubit transfer between semiconductor quantum dots requires understanding and control over associated errors. Here, the authors achieve high-fidelity coherent state transfer in a Si double quantum dot, underpinning the prospects of a large-scale quantum computer.

    • J. Yoneda
    • , W. Huang
    •  & A. S. Dzurak
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Cells can modify their environment by depositing biochemical signals or mechanically remodelling the extracellular matrix; the impact of such self-induced environmental perturbations on cell trajectories at various scales remains unexplored. Here authors show that motile cells leave long-lived physicochemical footprints along their way, which determine their future path.

    • Joseph d’Alessandro
    • , Alex Barbier--Chebbah
    •  & Benoît Ladoux
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Estimating velocities in gas liquid flows is of importance in many engineering applications. Hohermuth et al. show that previous bubble velocities obtained from intrusive probes have been underestimated and provide a correction scheme for more accurate velocity measurements.

    • B. Hohermuth
    • , M. Kramer
    •  & D. Valero
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Reactions at the interface between mineral surfaces and flowing liquids are ubiquitous in nature. Here the authors explore, using surface-specific sum frequency generation spectroscopy and numeric calculations, how the liquid flow affects the charging and dissolution rates leading to flow-dependent charge gradients along the surface.

    • Patrick Ober
    • , Willem Q. Boon
    •  & Mischa Bonn
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Interatomic Coulombic decay, ICD, is commonly observed in systems weakly bound to different environments. Here the authors discuss the ICD in an electromagnetic cavity and show that the entanglement of atoms can change ICD rates substantially and be used to control the ICD process.

    • Lorenz S. Cederbaum
    •  & Alexander I. Kuleff