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Mass-spectrometry-based metabolomics analysis of oligodendrocyte differentiation led to the identification of an endogenous metabolite, taurine, that enhanced the process of drug-induced OPC differentiation.
Quantitative mass spectrometry was used to produce a proteomic survey of postnatal human brain regions. Compared to matched RNA-seq, protein levels showed more regional variation, especially for membrane-associated proteins in the neocortex.
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are a class of secreted membrane particles capable of transferring biological molecules between cells. Metabolomics measurements indicate that isolated EVs also have autonomous metabolic enzyme activities, including the unexpected identification of endogenous human asparaginase activity.
A Cre-dependent capsid selection method, CREATE, was used to produce adeno-associated viral vectors that allow gene delivery to the entire central and peripheral nervous systems, with multicolor labeling of single cells.
α-Synuclein is present at high levels in all neurons and their synapses. We now learn that this protein helps dilate the fusion pore, which forms transiently during vesicle exocytosis, promoting release of certain neurotransmitters.
In early-stage developing neurons, the cAMP–PKA (protein kinase A) signaling pathway is strongly inhibited. This negative control is later removed, unleashing cAMP–PKA signaling, particularly in distal axonal parts, thus allowing for axonal growth.