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Artistic image of an electron accelerator that operates by the interaction between single-cycle terahertz pulses and electron bunches. The accelerator is composed of arrays of parallel metal waveguides that feature a dielectric filling in order to phase match the terahertz–electron interaction. It can perform complex, high gradient operations on ultrashort electron bunches.
The polarization state of isolated attosecond pulses generated by high-order harmonic generation can now be manipulated at will. The development opens the door for a multitude of ultrafast experiments to investigate chiral media.
The generation of gamma-ray flashes by dense ultra-relativistic electron beams travelling across a millimetre-thickness solid conductor is theoretically investigated. Peak brilliance above 1025 photons s−1 mrad−2 mm−2 per 0.1% bandwidth is expected.
The Bloch–Siegert shift—a strong-field phenomenon that implies a failure of the rotating-wave approximation—is observed in the polariton dispersion diagram of a two-dimensional electron gas system inside a high-Q terahertz photonic crystal cavity.
The direct generation of mid-infrared optical frequency combs in the region 2.5–4.0 μm from a 1.55-μm conventional and compact erbium-fibre-based femtosecond laser is demonstrated via coherent dispersive wave generation in silicon nitride nanophotonic waveguides.
By sending few-microjoule single-cycle terahertz pulses to a segmented terahertz electron accelerator and manipulator, 70 MV m–1 peak acceleration fields, 2 kT m–1 focusing gradients, 140 µrad fs–1 streaking gradient and bunch compression to 100 fs are achieved.
Biodegradable cellulose-based photonic and plasmonic architectures are fabricated via soft nanoimprinting lithography, and are used for structural colour generation, photoluminescence enhancement and as disposable surface-enhanced Raman scattering substrates.
Circularly polarized isolated extreme-ultraviolet pulses are generated by exploiting non-collinear high- harmonic generation driven by two counter-rotating few-cycle laser beams. The numerical simulation predicts a linear chirp of 330 attoseconds.
Surface treatment is shown to yield passivated perovskite films with very high quasi-Fermi level splitting and internal photoluminescence quantum efficiency, indicating that further improvements in the performance of perovskite optoelectronics should be feasible.
A microcavity exciton–polariton system based on aligned and packed single-walled carbon nanotubes exhibits ultrastrong coupling. The coupling strength is polarization sensitive. The record high value of vacuum Rabi splitting, 329 meV, is reported.
The combination of a spatial light modulator at the fibre input, real-time spectral feedback and a genetic algorithm optimization controls the nonlinear stimulated Raman scattering cascade and its interplay with four-wave mixing in multimode fibres.