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Spin waves, which can propagate free of Joule heating, may act as the information carrier in future spintronic technology. In antiferromagnets (AFMs), spin waves are fast and insensitive to external magnetic fields, but current-induced excitation and control of the propagation is difficult to achieve. Liu et al. now explore spin waves in an artificial AFM structure, which consists of periodic 100-nm-wide stripe domains with alternating upward and downward magnetization. They excite high-frequency spin waves, which propagate along the strips. Furthermore, they can reorient the domain pattern by current pulses and, thereby, control the propagation direction of the spin waves. The cover art shows spin waves propagating within domains of opposite spin polarization as indicated by the yellow and purple arrows.
The development of devices that exploit the intrinsic properties of two-dimensional materials can provide opportunities for in-memory computing and area-efficient integrated circuits based on Moore’s law.
This Review highlights the progress made so far in engineering nanomaterials for neurotechnology applications, from neuron signal sensing and modulation to brain stimulation, with an outlook on what these technologies can enable in the future.
Magneto-transport measurements on thin metallic crystals of the transition metal dichalcogenide PtSe2 show signatures of ferro- and antiferromagnetic order depending on the number of layers and first-principles calculations suggest Pt vacancies at the surface as a plausible cause.
Eutectic Ga-In droplets can be functionalized with various polymers and co-polymers using atom transfer radical polymerization. The droplets are ready for direct solution processing to form liquid-metal nanocomposites for potential applications in soft robotics.
Current pulses of 105 A cm−2 can control the orientation of 100-nm-wide stripe domains in La0.67Sr0.33MnO3 and spin waves of 10 GHz can propagate along these domains with a group velocity of 2.6 km s−1.
A nanoporous polyimide film filled with a solid polymer electrolyte has high ionic conductivity and high mechanical strength. An all-solid-state battery made with an approximately 10-μm-thick film shows good cyclability at 60 °C and no dendrite formation.