Interview

  • Interview |

    Carl Heron and Joanne Dyer from the British Museum in London talk to Nature Materials about the research activities at the museum and how scientists can impact cultural heritage.

    • Maria Maragkou
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    Andrew Livingston (Imperial College London) and Richard Baker (Membrane Technology and Research) talk to Nature Materials about the perks and pitfalls of membrane research and development, and how activities at the new Barrer Centre might lead to next-generation separation technologies.

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    David Rugg is the Senior Engineering Fellow in Materials at Rolls-Royce plc. He talks to Nature Materials about the need to understand scientific fundamentals to develop reliable and high-performance materials for jet engines, and the importance of university collaborations.

    • John Plummer
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    Metallurgy has been crucial to the development of China and its economy. Ke Lu, director of the Shenyang National Laboratory for Materials Science, Institute of Metal Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, talks to Nature Materials about the outlook for metallurgy and materials science in China.

    • John Plummer
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    Angelos Michaelides, Professor in Theoretical Chemistry at University College London (UCL) and co-director of the Thomas Young Centre (TYC), explains to Nature Materials the challenges in materials modelling and the objectives of the TYC.

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    Costas Fotakis, the Greek Alternate Minister for Research and Innovation, explains to Nature Materials how he plans to improve the country's research and innovation landscape under the constraints of austerity.

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    Richard Murray of Innovate UK explains to Nature Materials how innovation derived from research findings can boost the production of wealth.

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    There have been a number of attempts to commercialize bulk metallic glass over the past 20 years. William L. Johnson, the Mettler Professor of Materials Science at California Institute of Technology, has been a prominent figure in these efforts and gives Nature Materials his perspective on the topic.

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    The incident at Fukushima Daiichi brought materials in the nuclear industry into the spotlight. Nature Materials talks to Tatsuo Shikama, Director of the International Research Centre for Nuclear Materials, Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, about the current situation.

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    Jean M. J. Fréchet, vice-president for research at the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), talked to Nature Materials about the achievements of this institution since its foundation in 2009 and its contribution to shaping research attitudes in Saudi Arabia.

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    The recent economic crisis has drastically affected research and development in Greece, but competitive research goes on, says Eleftherios Economou, a founder of the Foundation of Research and Technology Hellas (FORTH) research centre in Greece, and former General Secretary for research and technology.

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    Twenty five years since the birth of the field of photonic crystals, Eli Yablonovitch talks to Nature Materials about his pioneering contributions to the field and his vision for nanophotonics.

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    Tom Waller of swimwear manufacturer Speedo's global research and development facility, Aqualab, talked to Nature Materials about the competitive sporting goods industry and the technology behind their new racing system that will be put to the test at the 2012 Olympic Games in London.

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    Marc Kuchner, an astrophysicist at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, and author of a blog and a recent book titled Marketing for Scientists, talked to Nature Materials about his views on the progress of scientific business from Versailles in the 1700s to modern days.

  • Interview |

    The funding approach taken by the US Department of Energy's SunShot programme, which aims to develop competitive solar technology, has proved very successful. Its director, R. Ramesh, explains why.

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    Tony Hickson, Managing Director of Technology Transfer at Imperial Innovations, talked to Nature Materials about their efforts in stimulating academics at Imperial College London to disclose their inventions, and about trends in the patent system and the challenges of patenting early-stage technology.

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    Pavel Exner, the newly elected Vice President of the European Research Council and Scientific Director of the Doppler Institute for Mathematical Physics and Applied Mathematics in Prague, talked to Nature Materials about his role in the European funding institution, the value of peer review in identifying the best scientists, the rise of science metrics and the challenges of running an efficient evaluation system.

  • Interview |

    John Clarke told Nature Materials about his work on superconducting quantum interference devices — SQUIDs — and his fascination with their applicability to many fields, from medicine to geophysics to quantum information and cosmology.

  • Interview |

    The critical shortage of rare-earth elements is a concern for a number of important technologies, but also an opportunity to research alternative materials and technologies, says Alexander King, director of the US Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory.

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    Nitin Samarth has extensive experience in studying the properties of (Ga,Mn)As. He told Nature Materials about the role that this compound has had in exploring the magnetic properties of semiconductors and, more generally, of spin-related phenomena.

  • Interview |

    Scott Chambers has worked on epitaxial oxide films for the past eighteen years. Nature Materials asked him about his view on high-temperature ferromagnetism in diluted magnetic oxides.

  • Interview |

    Jim Heath tells Nature Materials about the discovery of C60 and how the findings catalysed our way of thinking about size and shape on the nanoscale.

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    Despite the good education of its scientists, science and technology in Mexico faces multiple challenges, says Juan Ramón de la Fuente, a former Minister of Health and former Rector of the National Autonomous University of Mexico.

    • Joerg Heber
    •  & Jesús Rogel-Salazar
  • Interview |

    Roberto Car tells Nature Materials how the Car–Parrinello molecular dynamics method originated and how his research career has evolved since then.

  • Interview |

    Nature Materials asked Michele Parrinello about his research and the way in which his work with Roberto Car 25 years ago has influenced the materials science and quantum chemistry communities.

  • Interview |

    Sergio Machado Rezende has served for 5 years as the Minister for Science and Technology of Brazil. Nature Materials has asked him about the past and future of science in his country.

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    Alain Fuchs is the director of the Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Paris and in January was appointed the new president of the French National Centre for Scientific Research, CNRS. Nature Materials asked him about his research and his new role.

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    It was the realization of semiconductor lasers that led to the commercial success of lasers. Herbert Kroemer explains to Nature Materials his contributions to the design principle of these lasers, for which he shared the 2000 Nobel Prize in Physics.

  • Interview |

    Charles Townes played a crucial role in the invention and realization of the first masers and lasers, for which he shared the 1964 Nobel Prize in Physics. Nature Materials speaks to him about his historic contributions.

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    Coherent synchrotron radiation has revolutionized the study of molecules and materials. Talking to Nature Materials, Gerhard Materlik, CEO of the Diamond Light Source, discusses the many uses of synchrotron sources and free electron lasers.

  • Interview |

    The quantum cascade laser has liberated laser properties from materials limitations, enabling light emission to be tailored over a broad spectral range. Nature Materials talks to Federico Capasso about the development of these lasers in his laboratory.

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    In 2004, after two decades' worth of experience investigating the photophysical properties of conducting polymers, Z. Valy Vardeny demonstrated a spin valve with an organic active layer. Nature Materials asked him about his views on the achievements in organic spintronics and the future of the field.

    • Fabio Pulizzi
  • Interview |

    Robert Langer has spent more than 30 years working with biomaterials and has seen their development from simple implants to complex multifunctional interfaces with the body. He shares his vision of the field's origins and what the future holds with Nature Materials.

  • Interview |

    Nature Materials spoke to Thirumalachari Ramasami, the Secretary of State in India's Department of Science and Technology, about the many challenges facing scientific research and development in India.

  • Interview |

    Joseph Michels, a managing director at One Equity Partners, talks to Nature Materials about making private equity investments in high-tech companies in times of recession.

  • Interview |

    Philips has recently changed its focus from electronic components to healthcare innovations. Nature Materials talked to Hans Hofstraat about the reasons behind this choice and how it affected Philips Research scientists.

  • Interview |

    The present revival in nuclear technology is prompting concerns about its safe use. Nature Materials talks to Tomihiro Taniguchi, Deputy Director General at the International Atomic Energy Agency, responsible for nuclear safety and security.

  • Interview |

    Nature Materials spoke to Lu Yongxiang, President of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, on the roles that the academy and its more than 100 research-related institutions have in advancing science and technology in China.

  • Interview |

    The American Physical Society is the largest publisher in physics. Nature Materials talks to Gene Sprouse, Editor-in-Chief of APS publications.

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    Starting out as a theoretical physicist, Ludwik Leibler was first introduced to the concept of a polymer by Pierre-Gilles de Gennes. He has gone on to stamp his own inimitable style on the challenges that he has undertaken in soft matter, in particular building strong links with commercial companies. Nature Materials talked to him about the benefits of joining forces with industry — and his experiences with de Gennes.

  • Interview |

    Intel's Chief Technology Officer, Justin Rattner, talked to Nature Materials about the impressive advances in microprocessors and their applications.

  • Interview |

    To answer this question, Nature Materials interviewed Ohjoon Kwon, head of the research laboratories of POSCO, Korea's largest steel producer, and the third-largest in the world.

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    Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH) was established only 21 years ago. Nature Materials spoke to POSTECH's outgoing president, Chan-Mo Park, about this success story as well as his personal engagement with North Korea.

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    Twenty years ago, J. Georg Bednorz shared the Nobel Prize for Physics with Karl Alexander Müller. Nature Materials asked him about the discovery of high-temperature superconductivity and its implication for science and technology.

  • Interview |

    Paul Ching-Wu Chu has worked on superconductivity for most of his scientific career. He talked to Nature Materials about his past achievements and dreams for the future.

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    Research in India has changed dramatically over the past half century, and C. N. R. Rao has been an observer and participant for all this time. With his unique perspective as an advisor to the Indian prime minister, Nature Materials talked to him about directions in Indian chemistry.

  • Interview |

    July marks the centenary of Imperial College London, one of the top academic institutions world-wide. Nature Materials interviewed Imperial's rector, Richard Sykes, on the challenges facing the college.

  • Interview |

    The Helmholtz Association is Germany's largest research institution and a major player in international science. Nature Materials talked to its president, Jürgen Mlynek, to learn more about the strategy and aims of the association.

  • Interview |

    Richard Friend has co-founded two companies based on his work on organic electronics whilst maintainting a thriving research career at Cambridge University. Nature Materials talked to him about combining business with academia.

  • Interview |

    High standards in scientific education and research should not be the privilege of those who can afford to attend prestigious universities. Physicists in Trieste are trying to remedy the isolation of scholars from developing countries and involve them in the worldwide scientific community.