Browse Articles

  • Letter |

    The instability of sulfide ions during water oxidation prevents simultaneous evolution of hydrogen and oxygen. An oxysulfide semiconductor photocatalyst, Y2Ti2O5S2, is shown to evolve H2 and O2 via a water-splitting reaction under visible-light irradiation.

    • Qian Wang
    • , Mamiko Nakabayashi
    • , Takashi Hisatomi
    • , Song Sun
    • , Seiji Akiyama
    • , Zheng Wang
    • , Zhenhua Pan
    • , Xiong Xiao
    • , Tomoaki Watanabe
    • , Taro Yamada
    • , Naoya Shibata
    • , Tsuyoshi Takata
    •  & Kazunari Domen
  • Perspective |

    This Perspective explores correlative characterization for bringing together multiple imaging modalities with maps of local chemistry, structure and functional performance to improve our understanding and manufacturing of existing materials and facilitate data-centric materials innovation.

    • T. L. Burnett
    •  & P. J. Withers
  • News & Views |

    A comprehensive chemical space of potential inorganic ternary metal nitrides has been explored by computational methods as a guideline for their experimental synthesis and discovery.

    • Ralf Riedel
    •  & Zhaoju Yu
  • Article |

    Macroscopic single crystals with controlled texture are formed from a self-assembled columnar discotic liquid crystal.

    • Xunda Feng
    • , Kohsuke Kawabata
    • , Matthew G. Cowan
    • , Gregory E. Dwulet
    • , Kristof Toth
    • , Lucas Sixdenier
    • , Amir Haji-Akbari
    • , Richard D. Noble
    • , Menachem Elimelech
    • , Douglas L. Gin
    •  & Chinedum O. Osuji
  • Article |

    High-throughput computation is especially useful for materials screening where synthesis is challenging. Here, it is used to construct a stability map of ternary nitrides, allowing discovery of stable compounds and providing insight into principles that govern nitride stability.

    • Wenhao Sun
    • , Christopher J. Bartel
    • , Elisabetta Arca
    • , Sage R. Bauers
    • , Bethany Matthews
    • , Bernardo Orvañanos
    • , Bor-Rong Chen
    • , Michael F. Toney
    • , Laura T. Schelhas
    • , William Tumas
    • , Janet Tate
    • , Andriy Zakutayev
    • , Stephan Lany
    • , Aaron M. Holder
    •  & Gerbrand Ceder
  • Article |

    Scanning quantum dot microscopy, based on the use of a single molecule attached to the tip of the cantilever of an atomic force microscope, is shown to provide quantitative maps of surface potential distribution with atomic resolution.

    • Christian Wagner
    • , Matthew. F. B. Green
    • , Michael Maiworm
    • , Philipp Leinen
    • , Taner Esat
    • , Nicola Ferri
    • , Niklas Friedrich
    • , Rolf Findeisen
    • , Alexandre Tkatchenko
    • , Ruslan Temirov
    •  & F. Stefan Tautz
  • News & Views |

    Quantitative atomic-scale images of electric potentials at surfaces have now been obtained with a non-contact atomic force microscope by functionalizing the tip as a quantum dot sensor.

    • Mats Persson
  • Article |

    Scanning electron nanobeam diffraction is used to monitor the morphology of organic thin films with nanometre resolution, revealing information on the arrangement of crystalline domains useful for structure–property relationship understanding.

    • Ouliana Panova
    • , Colin Ophus
    • , Christopher J. Takacs
    • , Karen C. Bustillo
    • , Luke Balhorn
    • , Alberto Salleo
    • , Nitash Balsara
    •  & Andrew M. Minor
  • Article |

    Proton ceramic electrolysers can produce hydrogen directly from steam, but their development has suffered from limited electrical efficiency. A fully operational and stable BaZrO3-based tubular electrolyser with high hydrogen production rate is now reported.

    • Einar Vøllestad
    • , Ragnar Strandbakke
    • , Mateusz Tarach
    • , David Catalán-Martínez
    • , Marie-Laure Fontaine
    • , Dustin Beeaff
    • , Daniel R. Clark
    • , Jose M. Serra
    •  & Truls Norby
  • Article |

    Material depletion and accumulation at the crystallization front of organic semiconductors films induce the formation of large-area regular patterns, with a periodicity relevant to optoelectronic applications in the visible and near-infrared range.

    • John S. Bangsund
    • , Thomas R. Fielitz
    • , Trevor J. Steiner
    • , Kaicheng Shi
    • , Jack R. Van Sambeek
    • , Catherine P. Clark
    •  & Russell J. Holmes
  • Article |

    An antisymmetric and chiral long range interlayer magnetic exchange interaction is measured, with implications for spintronics and chiral magnetic devices.

    • Dong-Soo Han
    • , Kyujoon Lee
    • , Jan-Philipp Hanke
    • , Yuriy Mokrousov
    • , Kyoung-Whan Kim
    • , Woosuk Yoo
    • , Youri L. W. van Hees
    • , Tae-Wan Kim
    • , Reinoud Lavrijsen
    • , Chun-Yeol You
    • , Henk J. M. Swagten
    • , Myung-Hwa Jung
    •  & Mathias Kläui
  • Article |

    The mechanism of cytokinetic failure in the migrating zebrafish epicardium leading to multinucleated cells is shown to be driven by the interaction of the cytokinetic ring and the extracellular matrix through adhesion reinforcement by high traction forces.

    • Marina Uroz
    • , Anna Garcia-Puig
    • , Isil Tekeli
    • , Alberto Elosegui-Artola
    • , Juan F. Abenza
    • , Ariadna Marín-Llauradó
    • , Silvia Pujals
    • , Vito Conte
    • , Lorenzo Albertazzi
    • , Pere Roca-Cusachs
    • , Ángel Raya
    •  & Xavier Trepat
  • Article |

    Gold nanoparticles that passively deliver CRISPR machinery to blood repopulating cells have been developed and are shown to be capable of precise editing of multiple genetic loci of therapeutic interest without cytotoxicity or reduced fitness.

    • Reza Shahbazi
    • , Gabriella Sghia-Hughes
    • , Jack L. Reid
    • , Sara Kubek
    • , Kevin G. Haworth
    • , Olivier Humbert
    • , Hans-Peter Kiem
    •  & Jennifer E. Adair
  • Review Article |

    This Review covers the basic physics of thermal emission, ways to engineer the thermal field radiated by hot objects in the far field and applications, such as thermophotovoltaics, radiative cooling, camouflage and privacy.

    • Denis G. Baranov
    • , Yuzhe Xiao
    • , Igor A. Nechepurenko
    • , Alex Krasnok
    • , Andrea Alù
    •  & Mikhail A. Kats
  • Letter |

    A composition gradient is found to provide the necessary structural inversion asymmetry for a bulk Dzyaloshinskii–Moriya interaction to manifest itself.

    • Duck-Ho Kim
    • , Mitsutaka Haruta
    • , Hye-Won Ko
    • , Gyungchoon Go
    • , Hyeon-Jong Park
    • , Tomoe Nishimura
    • , Dae-Yun Kim
    • , Takaya Okuno
    • , Yuushou Hirata
    • , Yasuhiro Futakawa
    • , Hiroki Yoshikawa
    • , Wooseung Ham
    • , Sanghoon Kim
    • , Hiroki Kurata
    • , Arata Tsukamoto
    • , Yoichi Shiota
    • , Takahiro Moriyama
    • , Sug-Bong Choe
    • , Kyung-Jin Lee
    •  & Teruo Ono
  • Article |

    Crosstalk between microtubules and the actin cytoskeleton of cells is important in elucidating integrin-mediated adhesion and mechanotransduction. It is now shown that microtubule-mediated control of focal adhesions and podosomes occurs via KANK family proteins.

    • Nisha Bte Mohd Rafiq
    • , Yukako Nishimura
    • , Sergey V. Plotnikov
    • , Visalatchi Thiagarajan
    • , Zhen Zhang
    • , Shidong Shi
    • , Meenubharathi Natarajan
    • , Virgile Viasnoff
    • , Pakorn Kanchanawong
    • , Gareth E. Jones
    •  & Alexander D. Bershadsky
  • Article |

    The Alx3 transcription factor, expressed in prenatal tooth development, is shown to revitalize adult progenitor cells in decellularized scaffolds, leading to enhanced parenchymal dental pulp and vascularized stroma regeneration in vivo.

    • Ling He
    • , Jian Zhou
    • , Mo Chen
    • , Chyuan-Sheng Lin
    • , Sahng G. Kim
    • , Yue Zhou
    • , Lusai Xiang
    • , Ming Xie
    • , Hanying Bai
    • , Hai Yao
    • , Changcheng Shi
    • , Paulo G. Coelho
    • , Timothy G. Bromage
    • , Bin Hu
    • , Nick Tovar
    • , Lukasz Witek
    • , Jiaqian Wu
    • , Kenian Chen
    • , Wei Gu
    • , Jinxuan Zheng
    • , Tzong-Jen Sheu
    • , Juan Zhong
    • , Jin Wen
    • , Yuting Niu
    • , Bin Cheng
    • , Qimei Gong
    • , David M. Owens
    • , Milda Stanislauskas
    • , Jasmine Pei
    • , Gregory Chotkowski
    • , Sainan Wang
    • , Guodong Yang
    • , David J. Zegarelli
    • , Xin Shi
    • , Myron Finkel
    • , Wen Zhang
    • , Junyuan Li
    • , Jiayi Cheng
    • , Dennis P. Tarnow
    • , Xuedong Zhou
    • , Zuolin Wang
    • , Xinquan Jiang
    • , Alexander Romanov
    • , David W. Rowe
    • , Songlin Wang
    • , Ling Ye
    • , Junqi Ling
    •  & Jeremy Mao
  • Editorial |

    2D materials face challenges along the road to commercialization, with increasing efforts being made in order to satisfy industrial needs.

  • Comment |

    Electronic and photonic devices based on graphene have unique properties, leading to outstanding performance figures of merit. Mastering the integration of this unconventional material into an established semiconductor fabrication line represents a critical step towards commercialization.

    • Daniel Neumaier
    • , Stephan Pindl
    •  & Max C. Lemme
  • Comment |

    The past few years have witnessed significant development in graphene research, yet a number of challenges remain for its commercialization and industrialization. This Comment discusses relevant issues for industrial-scale graphene synthesis, one of the critical aspects for the future graphene industry.

    • Li Lin
    • , Hailin Peng
    •  & Zhongfan Liu
  • Perspective |

    Disorder in two-dimensional materials largely affects their properties and performance. This Perspective discusses disorder sources in graphene and transition metal dichalcogenides, the progress in disorder control, and possible uses of disorder.

    • Daniel Rhodes
    • , Sang Hoon Chae
    • , Rebeca Ribeiro-Palau
    •  & James Hone
  • News & Views |

    The polarity of charge carriers — positive or negative — is found to depend on the direction from which you look.

    • Brian Skinner
    •  & Justin C. W. Song
  • News & Views |

    Over-expression of a transcriptional factor, Alx3, has been shown to revitalize the regenerative capacity of adult progenitor cells to promote enhanced stromal vascularization and formation of parenchymal dental pulp tissue in vivo.

    • Sarah E. Millar
  • News & Views |

    An oxygen-free method of growing transition metal selenides leads to atomically thin films with unprecedented robustness against the most hostile conditions.

    • Miguel M. Ugeda
  • News & Views |

    By chemically treating wood it is possible to fabricate a nanofluidic device for generating electricity from the harvesting of ubiquitous low-grade heat.

    • Rama Venkatasubramanian
  • News & Views |

    A tender X-ray momentum-resolved spectroscopy for probing elementary excitations in 4d quantum materials is reported and used to measure dispersive spin excitations in a ruthenate microcrystal.

    • Wei-Sheng Lee
    •  & Brian Moritz
  • Article |

    Extreme electronic anisotropy is revealed in the high-temperature superconductor FeSe through tour de force experiments on detwinned crystals.

    • Tong Chen
    • , Youzhe Chen
    • , Andreas Kreisel
    • , Xingye Lu
    • , Astrid Schneidewind
    • , Yiming Qiu
    • , J. T. Park
    • , Toby G. Perring
    • , J Ross Stewart
    • , Huibo Cao
    • , Rui Zhang
    • , Yu Li
    • , Yan Rong
    • , Yuan Wei
    • , Brian M. Andersen
    • , P. J. Hirschfeld
    • , Collin Broholm
    •  & Pengcheng Dai
  • Article |

    Non-orthogonal magnetization switching is related to the shear strain associated with ferroelectric domains, with implications for magnetoelectric devices.

    • M. Ghidini
    • , R. Mansell
    • , F. Maccherozzi
    • , X. Moya
    • , L. C. Phillips
    • , W. Yan
    • , D. Pesquera
    • , C. H. W. Barnes
    • , R. P. Cowburn
    • , J.-M. Hu
    • , S. S. Dhesi
    •  & N. D. Mathur
  • Review Article |

    The droplet epitaxy technique has emerged as an alternative to the most commonly used Stranski–Krastanov for fabricating semiconductor nanostructures. This Review discusses the important aspects of droplet epitaxy quantum dots, from the growth mechanism to device application.

    • Massimo Gurioli
    • , Zhiming Wang
    • , Armando Rastelli
    • , Takashi Kuroda
    •  & Stefano Sanguinetti
  • News & Views |

    A magnetic-field-dependent spectroscopy study on single perovskite nanocrystals reveals the spectral signatures of an exciton dark state below the bright triplet states.

    • Andries Meijerink
    •  & Freddy T. Rabouw
  • Article |

    Porous molecular crystals are easy to fabricate but thought to have limited stability as they are bound by non-covalent interactions. Here, a porous crystal composed of C60 and phthalocyanine is demonstrated with stability to heat, acid, base and high pressures.

    • C. Grazia Bezzu
    • , Luke A. Burt
    • , Charlie J. McMonagle
    • , Stephen A. Moggach
    • , Benson M. Kariuki
    • , David R. Allan
    • , Mark Warren
    •  & Neil B. McKeown
  • Article |

    Electrostatic doping drives a transition from single condensate to two condensate superconductivity at the (110)-oriented LaAlO3/SrTiO3 interface.

    • G. Singh
    • , A. Jouan
    • , G. Herranz
    • , M. Scigaj
    • , F. Sánchez
    • , L. Benfatto
    • , S. Caprara
    • , M. Grilli
    • , G. Saiz
    • , F. Couëdo
    • , C. Feuillet-Palma
    • , J. Lesueur
    •  & N. Bergeal
  • Comment |

    Oxides of non-magnetic cations exhibit elusive signs of weak temperature-independent ferromagnetism. The effect is associated with surface defects, but it defies conventional explanation. Possible hypotheses are a spin-split defect impurity band, or giant orbital paramagnetism related to zero-point vacuum fluctuations.

    • J. M. D. Coey
  • Article |

    Magneto-optical spectroscopy shows that the dark exciton state in single formamidinium lead bromide perovskite nanocrystals is located below the bright exciton triplet. Slow bright-to-dark relaxation explains the intense brightness of the nanoparticles.

    • Philippe Tamarat
    • , Maryna I. Bodnarchuk
    • , Jean-Baptiste Trebbia
    • , Rolf Erni
    • , Maksym V. Kovalenko
    • , Jacky Even
    •  & Brahim Lounis
  • News & Views |

    Using electric field gating, researchers demonstrate switching from a single- to a multi-condensate superconducting state at an oxide-based interface, and show that this transition leads to an overall weakening of the superconductivity.

    • H. Hilgenkamp
    •  & A. E. M. Smink
  • Article |

    The remote, non-volatile and reversible optical control of ferroic orders is challenging. Here, using laser illumination, multiple orders in epitaxial mixed-phase BiFeO3 are manipulated deterministically using a thermally driven flexoelectric effect.

    • Yi-De Liou
    • , Yu-You Chiu
    • , Ryan Thomas Hart
    • , Chang-Yang Kuo
    • , Yen-Lin Huang
    • , Yuan-Chih Wu
    • , Rajesh V. Chopdekar
    • , Heng-Jui Liu
    • , Arata Tanaka
    • , Chien-Te Chen
    • , Chun-Fu Chang
    • , Liu Hao Tjeng
    • , Ye Cao
    • , Valanoor Nagarajan
    • , Ying-Hao Chu
    • , Yi-Chun Chen
    •  & Jan-Chi Yang
  • News & Views |

    Coherent shaping of matter waves in temporal and spatial domains by photon-induced near fields opens up new possibilities for the quantum control of matter.

    • Jun Yuan
  • Article |

    By exciting chiral plasmons within a nanohole by means of circularly polarized light pulses, orbital angular momentum can be imparted onto charged matter waves (here, electrons) and controlled at terahertz speed (femtosecond intervals).

    • G. M. Vanacore
    • , G. Berruto
    • , I. Madan
    • , E. Pomarico
    • , P. Biagioni
    • , R. J. Lamb
    • , D. McGrouther
    • , O. Reinhardt
    • , I. Kaminer
    • , B. Barwick
    • , H. Larocque
    • , V. Grillo
    • , E. Karimi
    • , F. J. García de Abajo
    •  & F. Carbone