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We present this Collection of research, review and comment from Nature Research to celebrate the award of the 2020 Nobel Prize in Physics to Roger Penrose “for the discovery that black hole formation is a robust prediction of the general theory of relativity” and to Reinhard Genzel and Andrea Ghez “for the discovery of a supermassive compact object at the centre of our Galaxy”.
Image: Springer Nature/The Nobel Foundation/Imagesource
New technologies to study stem cells have increased our knowledge about their physiological roles and contributions to development, ageing, regeneration and disease. This collection showcases research articles, reviews and protocols from across the Nature journals to highlight the striking advances made in basic and translational stem cell research.
Image: Benedetta Artegiani and Delilah Hendriks, Hubrecht Institute, Utrecht, The Netherlands.
Perovskite materials have become very promising candidates for a new generation of potentially printable and efficient optoelectronic devices. Photovoltaic devices based on hybrid perovskites now achieve more than 20% photoconversion efficiency, and applications in solid-state lighting, photodetection and lasing are soaring. Their optoelectronic and photophysical properties are under intense scrutiny.
This web-collection brings together a selection of multi-disciplinary research and comments published in the Nature journals that explores the basic properties of halide-based perovskite materials and their potential for application in optoelectronics, from solar cells to lasers. It serves to illustrate the road to easily processable and efficient devices by presenting both historical milestones and the crucial landmark studies published in the last 12 months in the Nature journals.
This collection of primary research articles, reviews and protocols focuses on an emerging topic of mechanobiology, highlighting the broad involvement of mechanical forces in different biological contexts, their roles in development, physiology and disease, and how these forces are sensed and transduced to produce biologically-relevant responses. The collection also showcases new technical approaches to modulate mechanobiology, which in the future could be used to control cell fate and behaviour for therapeutic benefits.
The field of immunoengineering is progressing at high speed, and materials science greatly contributes to this progress by providing smart and controllable tools for immunotherapy with the aim to improve clinical outcomes.
In health and biomedical applications, electronic technologies allow monitoring, sensing and extracting physiological data as well as correcting or supporting tissue function through electrical stimuli. This collection highlights the recent developments in materials science, electronics and biology of bioelectronic devices.
Synchrotron radiation provides insight into the structure and properties of diverse materials. In this issue, our collection of articles examines the role of synchrotron techniques in materials characterization, including understanding intrinsic properties and elucidating structure–property relationships for the improved performance of these materials.