Volume 2 Issue 12, December 2018

Volume 2 Issue 12

Migration matters

Predators, such a brown bears, often rely on intercepting prey species, like Pacific salmon, during their annual migrations. This coupling of movements between migratory prey and resident predators may vary widely among taxa and ecosystems, with ecological consequences across whole communities.

See Furey et al

Image: Jonathan Armstrong, Oregon State University. Cover Design: Bethany Vukomanovic.

Editorial

  • Editorial |

    Keeping global temperature to no more than 1.5 °C above pre-industrial levels is an enormous task that requires the complementary efforts of scientists from across the biological, physical and social sciences.

Correspondence

Comment & Opinion

  • Comment |

    Globally, flora, fauna and many indigenous cultures have evolved to coexist sustainably with fire. We argue that the key to sustainable contemporary human coexistence with wildfires is a form of biomimicry that draws on the evolutionary adaptations of organisms that survive (and flourish) in the fire regimes in which they reside.

    • Alistair M. S. Smith
    • , Crystal A. Kolden
    •  & David M. J. S. Bowman
  • Comment |

    Ensuring an environmentally friendly overhaul of the European Union’s Common Agricultural Policy will entail payments for environmental objectives, promoting High Nature Value Farmlands, improved flexibility and policy integration.

    • Alberto Navarro
    •  & José Vicente López-Bao

Books & Arts

News & Views

  • News & Views |

    A coordinated distributed experiment, replicated across multiple labs and multiple taxa, reveals that both resources and predators govern dispersal between habitats, affecting local and regional stability of biological communities.

    • Tadeu Siqueira
    •  & Alison Wunderlich
  • News & Views |

    An intraspecific plant diversity experiment uncovers the mechanistic basis of a positive effect of biodiversity on biomass production, pinpointing it to a single genetic region.

    • Liesje Mommer
    •  & Jasper van Ruijven
  • News & Views |

    Multiple lines of evidence reveal that annual maximum photosynthesis across the world has been increasing over the past 30 years, adding crucial new information on the processes influencing the land carbon sink and on vegetation’s key role in mitigating climate change.

    • Sara Vicca
  • News & Views |

    Statistical modelling from an impressively large genetic dataset traces the historical origins and spread of China’s modern tuberculosis (TB) epidemic. But there is more scope in the future to harness the potential of ancient TB genomes to model its evolution.

    • Kirsten I. Bos
  • News & Views |

    Characteristics shared by different plant species can be used to decipher where they are found in nature. A new global analysis indicates that using this code to understand what shapes plant communities must consider spatial scale.

    • Ellen I. Damschen

Reviews

  • Review Article |

    Migratory species are often exploited by resident predators. Here, the authors review the extent to which prey induce large-scale movements of predators, and outline a framework for the ecological consequences of coupled migrations.

    • Nathan B. Furey
    • , Jonathan B. Armstrong
    • , David A. Beauchamp
    •  & Scott G. Hinch

Research

  • Brief Communication |

    In the Western Ghats of India, the presence of wind farms is found to reduce the abundance and activity of predatory birds, with the associated effect of increasing the density of lizard prey and altering lizard behaviour and physiology.

    • Maria Thaker
    • , Amod Zambre
    •  & Harshal Bhosale
  • Brief Communication |

    In a coordinated distributed dispersal experiment involving seven laboratories, the authors show that both top-down predation risk and bottom-up resource limitation increase emigration rates across 21 species ranging from protozoa to vertebrates.

    • Emanuel A. Fronhofer
    • , Delphine Legrand
    • , Florian Altermatt
    • , Armelle Ansart
    • , Simon Blanchet
    • , Dries Bonte
    • , Alexis Chaine
    • , Maxime Dahirel
    • , Frederik De Laender
    • , Jonathan De Raedt
    • , Lucie di Gesu
    • , Staffan Jacob
    • , Oliver Kaltz
    • , Estelle Laurent
    • , Chelsea J. Little
    • , Luc Madec
    • , Florent Manzi
    • , Stefano Masier
    • , Felix Pellerin
    • , Frank Pennekamp
    • , Nicolas Schtickzelle
    • , Lieven Therry
    • , Alexandre Vong
    • , Laurane Winandy
    •  & Julien Cote
  • Article |

    Terrestrial mammalian fossils have previously reconstructed a single cohesive late Miocene savannah biome across Eurasia and Africa. Here, palaeobotanical data tell a different story, pointing instead to mixed forest biomes across the same region. The results emphasize the need to use both palaeofaunal and palaeobotanical data in reconstructing past environments.

    • Thomas Denk
    • , Constantin M. Zohner
    • , Guido W. Grimm
    •  & Susanne S. Renner
  • Article |

    Stable carbon and oxygen isotope analysis of mammal teeth associated with stone tools and cut-marked bone dated to between 300,000 and 500,000 years ago reveals that, at the time of the earliest-known hominin presence, the Arabian peninsula was home to productive grasslands similar to modern-day African savannahs.

    • Patrick Roberts
    • , Mathew Stewart
    • , Abdulaziz N. Alagaili
    • , Paul Breeze
    • , Ian Candy
    • , Nick Drake
    • , Huw S. Groucutt
    • , Eleanor M. L. Scerri
    • , Julia Lee-Thorp
    • , Julien Louys
    • , Iyad S. Zalmout
    • , Yahya S. A. Al-Mufarreh
    • , Jana Zech
    • , Abdullah M. Alsharekh
    • , Abdulaziz al Omari
    • , Nicole Boivin
    •  & Michael Petraglia
  • Article |

    Evidence from starch grains, theobromine residues and ancient DNA demonstrate cacao use in the upper Amazon circa 5,300 years ago. This is earlier than previous evidence for cacao domestication in Mesoamerica.

    • Sonia Zarrillo
    • , Nilesh Gaikwad
    • , Claire Lanaud
    • , Terry Powis
    • , Christopher Viot
    • , Isabelle Lesur
    • , Olivier Fouet
    • , Xavier Argout
    • , Erwan Guichoux
    • , Franck Salin
    • , Rey Loor Solorzano
    • , Olivier Bouchez
    • , Hélène Vignes
    • , Patrick Severts
    • , Julio Hurtado
    • , Alexandra Yepez
    • , Louis Grivetti
    • , Michael Blake
    •  & Francisco Valdez
  • Article |

    Data from more than 200 million observations of plants, animals and fungi provide support for the concept that terrestrial biodiversity patterns reflect distinct ecoregions.

    • Jeffrey R. Smith
    • , Andrew D. Letten
    • , Po-Ju Ke
    • , Christopher B. Anderson
    • , J. Nicholas Hendershot
    • , Manpreet K. Dhami
    • , Glade A. Dlott
    • , Tess N. Grainger
    • , Meghan E. Howard
    • , Beth M. L. Morrison
    • , Devin Routh
    • , Priscilla A. San Juan
    • , Harold A. Mooney
    • , Erin A. Mordecai
    • , Thomas W. Crowther
    •  & Gretchen C. Daily
  • Article |

    Combining two global datasets, the authors show that peak vegetation growth has been increasing linearly for the past 30 years, with similar proportions of NDVI variation attributable to expanding croplands, rising CO2 and intensifying nitrogen deposition.

    • Kun Huang
    • , Jianyang Xia
    • , Yingping Wang
    • , Anders Ahlström
    • , Jiquan Chen
    • , Robert B. Cook
    • , Erqian Cui
    • , Yuanyuan Fang
    • , Joshua B. Fisher
    • , Deborah Nicole Huntzinger
    • , Zhao Li
    • , Anna M. Michalak
    • , Yang Qiao
    • , Kevin Schaefer
    • , Christopher Schwalm
    • , Jing Wang
    • , Yaxing Wei
    • , Xiaoni Xu
    • , Liming Yan
    • , Chenyu Bian
    •  & Yiqi Luo
  • Article |

    Although plant functional trait combinations reflect ecological trade-offs at the species level, little is known about how this translates to whole communities. Here, the authors show that global trait composition is captured by two main dimensions that are only weakly related to macro-environmental drivers.

    • Helge Bruelheide
    • , Jürgen Dengler
    • , Oliver Purschke
    • , Jonathan Lenoir
    • , Borja Jiménez-Alfaro
    • , Stephan M. Hennekens
    • , Zoltán Botta-Dukát
    • , Milan Chytrý
    • , Richard Field
    • , Florian Jansen
    • , Jens Kattge
    • , Valério D. Pillar
    • , Franziska Schrodt
    • , Miguel D. Mahecha
    • , Robert K. Peet
    • , Brody Sandel
    • , Peter van Bodegom
    • , Jan Altman
    • , Esteban Alvarez-Dávila
    • , Mohammed A. S. Arfin Khan
    • , Fabio Attorre
    • , Isabelle Aubin
    • , Christopher Baraloto
    • , Jorcely G. Barroso
    • , Marijn Bauters
    • , Erwin Bergmeier
    • , Idoia Biurrun
    • , Anne D. Bjorkman
    • , Benjamin Blonder
    • , Andraž Čarni
    • , Luis Cayuela
    • , Tomáš Černý
    • , J. Hans C. Cornelissen
    • , Dylan Craven
    • , Matteo Dainese
    • , Géraldine Derroire
    • , Michele De Sanctis
    • , Sandra Díaz
    • , Jiří Doležal
    • , William Farfan-Rios
    • , Ted R. Feldpausch
    • , Nicole J. Fenton
    • , Eric Garnier
    • , Greg R. Guerin
    • , Alvaro G. Gutiérrez
    • , Sylvia Haider
    • , Tarek Hattab
    • , Greg Henry
    • , Bruno Hérault
    • , Pedro Higuchi
    • , Norbert Hölzel
    • , Jürgen Homeier
    • , Anke Jentsch
    • , Norbert Jürgens
    • , Zygmunt Kącki
    • , Dirk N. Karger
    • , Michael Kessler
    • , Michael Kleyer
    • , Ilona Knollová
    • , Andrey Y. Korolyuk
    • , Ingolf Kühn
    • , Daniel C. Laughlin
    • , Frederic Lens
    • , Jacqueline Loos
    • , Frédérique Louault
    • , Mariyana I. Lyubenova
    • , Yadvinder Malhi
    • , Corrado Marcenò
    • , Maurizio Mencuccini
    • , Jonas V. Müller
    • , Jérôme Munzinger
    • , Isla H. Myers-Smith
    • , David A. Neill
    • , Ülo Niinemets
    • , Kate H. Orwin
    • , Wim A. Ozinga
    • , Josep Penuelas
    • , Aaron Pérez-Haase
    • , Petr Petřík
    • , Oliver L. Phillips
    • , Meelis Pärtel
    • , Peter B. Reich
    • , Christine Römermann
    • , Arthur V. Rodrigues
    • , Francesco Maria Sabatini
    • , Jordi Sardans
    • , Marco Schmidt
    • , Gunnar Seidler
    • , Javier Eduardo Silva Espejo
    • , Marcos Silveira
    • , Anita Smyth
    • , Maria Sporbert
    • , Jens-Christian Svenning
    • , Zhiyao Tang
    • , Raquel Thomas
    • , Ioannis Tsiripidis
    • , Kiril Vassilev
    • , Cyrille Violle
    • , Risto Virtanen
    • , Evan Weiher
    • , Erik Welk
    • , Karsten Wesche
    • , Marten Winter
    • , Christian Wirth
    •  & Ute Jandt
  • Article |

    Tropical forest leaves are expected to absorb more of the Sun’s energy with climate warming, which could further increase global temperatures.

    • Christopher E. Doughty
    • , Paul Efren Santos-Andrade
    • , Alexander Shenkin
    • , Gregory R. Goldsmith
    • , Lisa P. Bentley
    • , Benjamin Blonder
    • , Sandra Díaz
    • , Norma Salinas
    • , Brian J. Enquist
    • , Roberta E. Martin
    • , Gregory P. Asner
    •  & Yadvinder Malhi
  • Article |

    Evidence synthesized from 252 large-herbivore exclusion studies suggests that herbivore-induced change in dominance, independent of site productivity or precipitation, best predicts herbivore effects on biodiversity in grassland and savannah sites.

    • Sally E. Koerner
    • , Melinda D. Smith
    • , Deron E. Burkepile
    • , Niall P. Hanan
    • , Meghan L. Avolio
    • , Scott L. Collins
    • , Alan K. Knapp
    • , Nathan P. Lemoine
    • , Elisabeth J. Forrestel
    • , Stephanie Eby
    • , Dave I. Thompson
    • , Gerardo A. Aguado-Santacruz
    • , John P. Anderson
    • , T. Michael Anderson
    • , Ayana Angassa
    • , Sumanta Bagchi
    • , Elisabeth S. Bakker
    • , Gary Bastin
    • , Lauren E. Baur
    • , Karen H. Beard
    • , Erik A. Beever
    • , Patrick J. Bohlen
    • , Elizabeth H. Boughton
    • , Don Canestro
    • , Ariela Cesa
    • , Enrique Chaneton
    • , Jimin Cheng
    • , Carla M. D’Antonio
    • , Claire Deleglise
    • , Fadiala Dembélé
    • , Josh Dorrough
    • , David J. Eldridge
    • , Barbara Fernandez-Going
    • , Silvia Fernández-Lugo
    • , Lauchlan H. Fraser
    • , Bill Freedman
    • , Gonzalo García-Salgado
    • , Jacob R. Goheen
    • , Liang Guo
    • , Sean Husheer
    • , Moussa Karembé
    • , Johannes M. H. Knops
    • , Tineke Kraaij
    • , Andrew Kulmatiski
    • , Minna-Maarit Kytöviita
    • , Felipe Lezama
    • , Gregory Loucougaray
    • , Alejandro Loydi
    • , Dan G. Milchunas
    • , Suzanne J. Milton
    • , John W. Morgan
    • , Claire Moxham
    • , Kyle C. Nehring
    • , Han Olff
    • , Todd M. Palmer
    • , Salvador Rebollo
    • , Corinna Riginos
    • , Anita C. Risch
    • , Marta Rueda
    • , Mahesh Sankaran
    • , Takehiro Sasaki
    • , Kathryn A. Schoenecker
    • , Nick L. Schultz
    • , Martin Schütz
    • , Angelika Schwabe
    • , Frances Siebert
    • , Christian Smit
    • , Karen A. Stahlheber
    • , Christian Storm
    • , Dustin J. Strong
    • , Jishuai Su
    • , Yadugiri V. Tiruvaimozhi
    • , Claudia Tyler
    • , James Val
    • , Martijn L. Vandegehuchte
    • , Kari E. Veblen
    • , Lance T. Vermeire
    • , David Ward
    • , Jianshuang Wu
    • , Truman P. Young
    • , Qiang Yu
    •  & Tamara Jane Zelikova
  • Article |

    A major effect locus is identified that contributes to overyielding when two different accessions of Arabidopsis thaliana are grown together, suggesting a simple genetic basis for the positive effects of biodiversity on community functioning.

    • Samuel E. Wuest
    •  & Pascal A. Niklaus
  • Article | | open

    Genomes of three Tuberaceae species and two related truffle species reveal genetic similarities across symbiotic truffle-forming fungi, including high expression of genes involved in volatile organic compound metabolism.

    • Claude Murat
    • , Thibaut Payen
    • , Benjamin Noel
    • , Alan Kuo
    • , Emmanuelle Morin
    • , Juan Chen
    • , Annegret Kohler
    • , Krisztina Krizsán
    • , Raffaella Balestrini
    • , Corinne Da Silva
    • , Barbara Montanini
    • , Mathieu Hainaut
    • , Elisabetta Levati
    • , Kerrie W. Barry
    • , Beatrice Belfiori
    • , Nicolas Cichocki
    • , Alicia Clum
    • , Rhyan B. Dockter
    • , Laure Fauchery
    • , Julie Guy
    • , Mirco Iotti
    • , François Le Tacon
    • , Erika A. Lindquist
    • , Anna Lipzen
    • , Fabienne Malagnac
    • , Antonietta Mello
    • , Virginie Molinier
    • , Shingo Miyauchi
    • , Julie Poulain
    • , Claudia Riccioni
    • , Andrea Rubini
    • , Yaron Sitrit
    • , Richard Splivallo
    • , Stefanie Traeger
    • , Mei Wang
    • , Lucia Žifčáková
    • , Daniel Wipf
    • , Alessandra Zambonelli
    • , Francesco Paolocci
    • , Minou Nowrousian
    • , Simone Ottonello
    • , Petr Baldrian
    • , Joseph W. Spatafora
    • , Bernard Henrissat
    • , Laszlo G. Nagy
    • , Jean-Marc Aury
    • , Patrick Wincker
    • , Igor V. Grigoriev
    • , Paola Bonfante
    •  & Francis M. Martin
  • Article |

    Pseudomonas fluorescens is subjected to two stressors: the predatory thermophile Tetrahymena and sublethal antibiotic treatment. The interaction slows adaptation and destabilizes ecological dynamics.

    • Teppo Hiltunen
    • , Johannes Cairns
    • , Jens Frickel
    • , Matti Jalasvuori
    • , Jouni Laakso
    • , Veijo Kaitala
    • , Sven Künzel
    • , Emre Karakoc
    •  & Lutz Becks
  • Article |

    Analysis of 4,578 Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates reveals the evolutionary history of the four tuberculosis genotypes in China, from emergence 1,000 years ago to expansion, population peaks and, more recently, dominance of the indigenous sublineage L2.3.

    • Qingyun Liu
    • , Aijing Ma
    • , Lanhai Wei
    • , Yu Pang
    • , Beibei Wu
    • , Tao Luo
    • , Yang Zhou
    • , Hong-Xiang Zheng
    • , Qi Jiang
    • , Mingyu Gan
    • , Tianyu Zuo
    • , Mei Liu
    • , Chongguang Yang
    • , Li Jin
    • , Iñaki Comas
    • , Sebastien Gagneux
    • , Yanlin Zhao
    • , Caitlin S. Pepperell
    •  & Qian Gao

Amendments & Corrections