Machine learning in healthcare


Editorial | 10 February 2017

Auspicious machine learning

The accelerating diagnostic power of deep learning will soon empower physicians.

News & Views

News and Views | 10 February 2017

Diagnostic imaging: Intraoperative virtual histology

Stimulated Raman spectroscopy combined with machine learning generates histological images for the rapid diagnosis and classification of brain tumours.

Carlyn A. Figueiredo & James T. Rutka

News and Views | 10 February 2017

Neuroengineering: Deciphering neural drive

Decoding the firing of individual spinal motor neurons enables the offline control of prosthetic limbs.

Max Ortiz-Catalan

News and Views | 10 February 2017

Computational medicine: A cybernetic eye for rare disease

Deep learning implemented in a collaborative cloud-based platform empowers ophthalmologists in the diagnosis of congenital cataracts.

Qian Wang & Dinggang Shen


Article | 06 February 2017

Rapid intraoperative histology of unprocessed surgical specimens via fibre-laser-based stimulated Raman scattering microscopy

By taking advantage of stimulated Raman spectroscopy and fibre-laser technology, virtual histology images can be obtained in real time in the operating room, with diagnostic quality comparable with that achieved via conventional histopathology.

Daniel A. Orringer, Balaji Pandian […] & Sandra Camelo-Piragua

See also the authors' Behind the paper story.

Article | 06 February 2017

Man/machine interface based on the discharge timings of spinal motor neurons after targeted muscle reinnervation

A man/machine interface based on the activity of spinal motor neurons reinnervating the muscles of a missing limb in amputees enables the generation of neural signals for potential prosthetic control.

Dario Farina, Ivan Vujaklija […] & Oskar C. Aszmann

See also the authors' Behind the paper story.

Article | 30 January 2017

An artificial intelligence platform for the multihospital collaborative management of congenital cataracts

An artificial intelligence agent integrated with a cloud-based platform for multihospital collaboration performs equally as well as ophthalmologists in the diagnosis of congenital cataracts in a series of online tests and a multihospital clinical trial.

Erping Long, Haotian Lin […] & Yizhi Liu

See also the authors' Behind the paper story.