Direct visualisation of site-specific strain variations of catalysts is needed to better understand catalytic properties. Here, the authors determine with attojoule precision that the well-known catalytic hysteresis phenomenon occurs at single particle level and involves three-dimensional strain field.
Inorganic and physical chemistry
Jacilynn Brant: materials chemistry and functional materials.
Long Chen: photo- and heterogeneous catalysis.
Margherita Citroni: physical and analytical chemistry.
Ariane Vartanian: nanoscale and supramolecular chemistry.
Welcome to the Nature Communications Editors’ Highlights webpage on inorganic, nanoscale and physical chemistry. Each month our editors select a small number of Articles recently published in Nature Communications that they believe are particularly interesting or important.
The aim is to provide a snapshot of some of the most exciting work published in the area of inorganic, nanoscale and physical chemistry at Nature Communications.
Make sure to check the Editors' Highlights page each month for new featured articles.
Exploiting two-dimensional morphology of molybdenum oxycarbide to enable efficient catalytic dry reforming of methane
The two-dimensional morphology of molybdenum oxycarbide (2D-Mo2COx) nanosheets dispersed on silica is found vital for the dry reforming of methane. Here the authors show that the specific activity of 2D-Mo2COx/SiO2 exceeds that of other Mo2C-based catalysts by ca. 3 orders of magnitude.
Copper catalysis at operando conditions—bridging the gap between single nanoparticle probing and catalyst-bed-averaging
Characterizing individual catalyst nanoparticles at operando conditions is a cornerstone of catalysis research. Here the authors utilize plasmonic optical nanoimaging in a nanofluidic reactor to map the impact of reactor geometry on single Cu particle oxidation state dynamics and active phase during CO oxidation.
In situ tuning of electronic structure of catalysts using controllable hydrogen spillover for enhanced selectivity
In situ tuning of the electronic structure of active sites is a long-standing challenge. Here, the authors report an approach to tune the electronic structure of cobalt species during the styrene epoxidation reaction by the introduction of controllable hydrogen spillover for enhanced selectivity.
Visible-light-driven amino acids production from biomass-based feedstocks over ultrathin CdS nanosheets
Chemical production of amino acids from renewable carbon sources in an energy-saving manner is highly desirable. Here, the authors report visible-light-driven, CdS nanosheets-promoted synthesis of amino acids from biomass-based feedstock and NH3 under mild reaction conditions.
Cage-confined photocatalysis for wide-scope unusually selective [2 + 2] cycloaddition through visible-light triplet sensitization
Light-induced [2 + 2] cycloaddition is the most efficient way to generate cyclobutanes, while suffering from limitations of specific selectivity. Here the authors report a cage-confined photocatalytic [2 + 2] cycloaddition to enable the unusual production of syn-head-to-head cyclobutane derivatives selectively.
Rational design and fabrication of high-performance photocatalyst is of great importance for CO2 reduction into solar fuel. Here, the authors demonstrate that S-scheme heterojunction TiO2/CsPbBr3 photocatalyst exhibits enhanced CO2 photoreduction activity.
Gold is among the least active metals toward molecules at a solid-liquid or solid-gas interface. Here the authors demonstrate that the gold nanocatalysts with d electron gain due to C occupying interstitial sites in its lattice boost catalytic hydrogenation.
Developing non-noble-metal heterogeneous catalysts with high efficiency in HCOOH dehydrogenation is significant for the acquisition of hydrogen, but remains a great challenge. Here, the authors modulate oxygen coverage of Ti3C2Tx MXenes to boost the catalytic activity toward HCOOH dehydrogenation.
Currently the cost of CO2 chemical fixation remains high because of harsh reaction conditions. Here, the authors report a covalent organic framework screened from 10994 candidates as the efficient CO2 fixation catalyst under ambient conditions based on the finding of a “pore enrichment effect”.