Nature Outlook |

Sports science

Behind every athlete at this year’s Olympic Games stands a team of scientists tasked with ensuring competitors can safely perform to the limit of their ability. From developing training techniques to protecting sporting integrity, science has never been so important in elite sport.

This Nature Outlook is editorially independent, produced with financial support from a third party. About this content.

Features and comment

The importance of science in elite sport — from helping athletes to train safely to protecting sporting integrity.

Outlook | | Nature

To strike a ball moving at lightning speeds in baseball, tennis and cricket, athletes and coaches are increasingly embracing training techniques involving virtual reality.

Outlook | | Nature

The muscles of elite endurance athletes boast high numbers of extra-efficient mitochondria. Unlocking the secrets of these cellular components could yield gains for future Olympians.

Outlook | | Nature

Sex has long been used to divide sporting competitions in the name of fairness, but are the current rules and enforcement practices fit for purpose?

Outlook | | Nature

More from Nature Portfolio

Moderate exercise improves cardiovascular health and is associated with physiological cardiac adaptations; by contrast, the hearts of endurance athletes can undergo maladaptations, including myocardial fibrosis and arrhythmias. In this Review, Parry-Williams and Sharma discuss whether excessive endurance exercise might damage both diseased and otherwise normal hearts.

Review Article | | Nature Reviews Cardiology

The planning and execution of goal-directed actions require numerous decisions to be made, from action selection to the continuous refinement of movement plans. Here, Gallivan et al. discuss these sensorimotor decision-making processes and their interactions with mechanisms of action planning and control.

Review Article | | Nature Reviews Neuroscience