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Emergent constraints on climate sensitivity

Naturevolume 563pagesE4E5 (2018) | Download Citation

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    Collins, M. et al. in Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (eds Stocker, T. F. et al.) Ch. 12 (Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, 2013).

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    Cox, P. M., Huntingford, C. & Williamson, M. S. Emergent constraint on equilibrium climate sensitivity from global temperature variability. Nature 553, 319–322 (2018).

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    Geoffroy, O. et al. Transient climate response in a two-layer energy-balance model. Part I: analytical solution and parameter calibration using CMIP5 AOGCM experiments. J. Clim. 26, 1841–1857 (2013).

  4. 4.

    Fredriksen, H.-B. & Rypdal, M. Long-range persistence in global surface temperatures explained by linear multibox energy balance models. J. Clim. 30, 7157–7168 (2017).

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Author information


  1. Department of Mathematics and Statistics, UiT—The Arctic University of Norway, Tromsø, Norway

    • Martin Rypdal
    • , Hege-Beate Fredriksen
    • , Kristoffer Rypdal
    •  & Rebekka J. Steene


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M.R., H.-B.F., K.R. and R.J.S. designed the study. H.-B.F. and R.J.S. collected data from the CMIP5 ensemble. M.R. and H.-B.F. performed the analyses. M.R., H.-B.F. and K.R. wrote the paper, with input from all authors.

Competing interests

Declared none.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Martin Rypdal.

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Further reading

  • Cox et al. reply

    • Peter M. Cox
    • , Mark S. Williamson
    • , Femke J. M. M. Nijsse
    •  & Chris Huntingford

    Nature (2018)


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