There are functional and anatomical distinctions between the neural systems involved in the recognition of sounds in the environment and those involved in the sensorimotor guidance of sound production and the spatial processing of sound. Evidence for the separation of these processes has historically come from disparate literatures on the perception and production of speech, music and other sounds. More recent evidence indicates that there are computational distinctions between the rostral and caudal primate auditory cortex that may underlie functional differences in auditory processing. These functional differences may originate from differences in the response times and temporal profiles of neurons in the rostral and caudal auditory cortex, suggesting that computational accounts of primate auditory pathways should focus on the implications of these temporal response differences.
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During the preparation of this manuscript, K.J. was supported by an Early Career Fellowship from the Leverhulme Trust and C.F.L. was supported by an Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia (FCT) Investigator Grant from the Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology (IF/00172/2015). The authors thank J. Rauschecker and R. Wise for immensely helpful discussions of the background to many of these studies.
Nature Reviews Neuroscience thanks J. Rauschecker, and the other anonymous reviewer(s), for their contribution to the peer review of this work.
The authors declare that there are no competing interests.
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Jasmin, K., Lima, C.F. & Scott, S.K. Understanding rostral–caudal auditory cortex contributions to auditory perception. Nat Rev Neurosci 20, 425–434 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41583-019-0160-2
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