Organic light-emitting transistors are pivotal components for emerging opto- and nanoelectronics applications, such as logic circuitries and smart displays. Within this technology sector, the integration of multiple functionalities in a single electronic device remains the key challenge. Here we show optically switchable organic light-emitting transistors fabricated through a judicious combination of light-emitting semiconductors and photochromic molecules. Irradiation of the solution-processed films at selected wavelengths enables the efficient and reversible tuning of charge transport and electroluminescence simultaneously, with a high degree of modulation (on/off ratios up to 500) in the three primary colours. Different emitting patterns can be written and erased through a non-invasive and mask-free process, on a length scale of a few micrometres in a single device, thereby rendering this technology potentially promising for optically gated highly integrated full-colour displays and active optical memory.
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Optical-field driven charge-transfer modulations near composite nanostructures
Nature Communications Open Access 01 December 2020
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The authors acknowledge funding from the European Commission through the Marie Sklodowska-Curie ITN project iSwitch (GA-642196), the Marie Sklodowska-Curie ITN project SYNCHRONICS (GA-643238), ERC projects SUPRAFUNCTION (GA-257305) and LIGHT4FUNCTION (GA-308117), the Agence Nationale de la Recherche through the Labex project CSC (ANR-10-LABX-0026 CSC) within the Investissement d’Avenir programme (ANR-10-120 IDEX-0002-02), the International Center for Frontier Research in Chemistry (icFRC) as well as the German Research Foundation (via SFB 765 and SFB 951). F.C. is a Royal Society Wolfson Research Merit Award holder.
The authors declare no competing interests
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Hou, L., Zhang, X., Cotella, G.F. et al. Optically switchable organic light-emitting transistors. Nat. Nanotechnol. 14, 347–353 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41565-019-0370-9
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