World View

Limitations of mitigating judicial bias with machine learning

Machine-learning algorithms trained with data that encode human bias will reproduce, not eliminate, the bias, says Kristian Lum.

Additional access options:

Already a subscriber?  Log in  now or  Register  for online access.

Author information


  1. Kristian Lum is lead statistician at the Human Rights Data Analysis Group, 109 Bartlett Street Suite 204, San Francisco, California 94110, USA.

    • Kristian Lum


  1. Search for Kristian Lum in:

Competing interests

The author declares unpaid advice to the New York Legal Aid Society and the San Francisco Public Defender's Office.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Kristian Lum.