Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.


Water balancing

Water management is an important aspect in the operation of alkaline exchange membrane fuel cells. Now, a lightly cross-linked norbornene polymer membrane is shown to be able to facilitate optimal water transport, leading to exceptionally high power and current density fuel cells.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution

Relevant articles

Open Access articles citing this article.

Access options

Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.


All prices are NET prices.

Fig. 1: Water imbalance in an AEMFC operation.


  1. Wang, Y.-J., Qiao, J., Baker, R. & Zhang, J. Chem. Soc. Rev. 42, 5768–5787 (2013).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Gottesfeld, S. et al. J. Power Sources 375, 170–184 (2018).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Kohl, P. A. et al. ACS Appl. Energy Mater. 2, 2458–2468 (2019).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Omasta, T. et al. Energy Environ. Sci. 11, 551–558 (2018).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Mandal, M. et al. J. Electrochem. Soc. 167, 054501 (2020).

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Zhongwei Chen.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Chen, Z. Water balancing. Nat Energy 5, 12–13 (2020).

Download citation

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:

This article is cited by


Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing