Graft failure (GF) remains a major complication of cord blood transplantation (CBT). Although the presence of pretransplant, donor-specific anti-HLA antibodies (DSA) was reported to be associated with an increased risk of GF after CBT, data are still limited. Thus, we conducted a retrospective analysis of recipients of single-unit CBT with pretransplant anti-HLA antibodies using the database of Japan Society for Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation (JSHCT). Data for recipients of single-unit CBT with pretransplant anti-HLA antibodies from 2010 to 2014 were obtained. In total, 343 patients who received CBT and who had detailed information about anti-HLA antibodies were included. The median age was 51 years (range, 0–71). Regarding DSA, 25 patients had a mean fluorescence intensity (MFI) ≥ 1000 (DSA-positive group) and 318 patients had a MFI <1000 (DSA-negative group). The cumulative incidence of neutrophil engraftment at 60 days after CBT was 75.7% (95% CI, 70.6–80.1) in the DSA-negative group and 56.0% (95% CI, 34.1–73.1) in the DSA-positive group (P = 0.03). In conclusion, pretransplant DSA with a MFI ≥ 1000 was associated with an increased risk of GF in single-unit CBT.
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This study was supported by Health, Labour and Welfare Science Grants for Research on Measures for Rare and Intractable Diseases from the Japanese Government.
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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