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Role of multidisciplinary team meetings in implementation of chemohormonal therapy in metastatic prostate cancer in daily practice

Abstract

Background

The recommended treatment for a subset of patients with metastatic prostate cancer (mPC) changed from androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) to combinations with chemotherapy such as docetaxel. Implementation of new evidence from trials is however complex and challenging. We investigated the effect of multidisciplinary team meetings (MDTs) on adopting the newest emerging combination therapy in patients with mPC and assessed the overall survival of chemohormonal therapy in a real-world setting.

Methods

All mPC patients diagnosed between October 2015 and April 2016 in the Netherlands were identified from the population-based Netherlands Cancer Registry (n = 962). Logistic regression analyses were performed to examine the role of patient- and tumor characteristics, with special emphasis on MDTs, on receiving chemohormonal therapy versus ADT monotherapy. Kaplan-Meier survival curves were used to assess overall survival (OS).

Results

As many patients received ADT monotherapy as chemohormonal therapy (both n = 452). Being discussed in a MDT as patient, younger age, less comorbidities, a better performance status and high-volume disease were significantly associated with receiving chemohormonal therapy compared to ADT monotherapy. After adjustment for these factors, the presence of a MDT was independently associated with the administration of chemohormonal therapy (OR 2.77, 95% CI 1.68–4.59). The 2-year OS was 82.1% (95% CI: 78.5–85.6%) for patients receiving chemohormonal therapy and 59.9% (95% CI: 55.4–64.4%) for patients receiving ADT monotherapy.

Conclusion

Being discussed in a MDT is independently associated with the administration of chemohormonal therapy in this group of patients with mPC. This supports the hypothesis that implementation of innovative treatment options is facilitated by an organizational structure with MDTs.

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Fig. 1: Overall survival for patients treated with chemohormonal therapy and ADT monotherapy.

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Funding

The study was financially supported by the Dutch Cancer Society (project number 2013-5942), principal investigators LAK, IO, KKHA.

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SG wrote the paper and has made contributions to conception and design. BS has contributed to data acquisition and performed the analyses. PH, FWPJB and KKHA have contributed to conception and design, interpretation of data and revised the manuscript. LAK and IMO have revised the manuscript critically for important intellectual content.

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Correspondence to S. G. Creemers.

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PH: consulting fees for Astellas, MSD, Pfizer, AstraZeneca, BMS, Ipsen

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Creemers, S.G., Van Santvoort, B., van den Berkmortel, F.W.P.J. et al. Role of multidisciplinary team meetings in implementation of chemohormonal therapy in metastatic prostate cancer in daily practice. Prostate Cancer Prostatic Dis (2022). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41391-022-00556-z

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