Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

Being counted: LGBTQ+ representation within the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology (ACNP)

Access options

Rent or Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.


All prices are NET prices.

Fig. 1: LGBTQ+ affiliation within ACNP members and nonmembers.


  1. 1.

    Rainey K, Dancy M, Mickelson R, Stearns E, Moller S. Race and gender differences in how sense of belonging influences decisions to major in STEM. Int J STEM Educ. 2018;5:1–14.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    Kricorian K, Seu M, Lopez D, Ureta E, Equils O. Factors influencing participation of underrepresented students in STEM fields: matched mentors and mindsets. Int J STEM Educ. 2020;7:1–9.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    Grossman JM, Porche MV. Perceived Gender and Racial/Ethnic Barriers to STEM Success. Urban Educ. 2013;49:698–727.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    Stout J, Dasgupta N, Hunsinger M, McManus MA. STEMing the tide: Using ingroup experts to inoculate women’s self-concept in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). J Personal Soc Psychol. 2011;100:255–70.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    Marx DM, Roman JS. Female Role Models: Protecting Women’s Math Test Performance. Personal Soc Psychol Bull. 2002;28:1183–93.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    Lockwood P. “Someone Like Me can be Successful”: Do College Students Need Same- Gender Role Models? Psychol Women Q. 2006;30:36–46.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    Yoder JB, Mattheis A. Queer in STEM: Workplace Experiences Reported in a National Survey of LGBTQA Individuals in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Careers. J Homosex. 2016;63:1–27.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    Human Rights Campaign Foundation. The cost of the closet and the rewards of inclusion: Why the workplace environment for LGBT people matters for employers. 2014. Available from:

  9. 9.

    Cech EA, Waidzunas TJ. Systemic inequalities for LGBTQ professionals in STEM. Sci Adv. 2021;7:1–9.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    National Institutes of Health. NIH Workplace Climate and Harassment Survey. 2019.

Download references


Thank you to the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology for generously providing the data that are presented here. Thank you to Dr. Chloe Jordan for providing helpful comments on previous drafts.

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to Hayley Fisher.

Additional information

Publisher’s note Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Fisher, H. Being counted: LGBTQ+ representation within the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology (ACNP). Neuropsychopharmacol. (2021).

Download citation


Quick links