Effects of the Degree of Crosslinking on Properties of Poly(vinyl alcohol) Membranes

Abstract

Asymmetric poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) membranes were prepared by the phase inversion technique, and crosslinked with glutaraldehyde. The degree of crosslinking of the membrane was controlled by varying the crosslinking conditions. The effects of the degree of crosslinking on the swelling characteristics, contact angles, critical surface tensions, and pervaporation characteristics were examined. A method for the evaluation of the degree of crosslinking, which needs only the gluaraldehyde concentration of the crosslinking solution to be measured after the crosslinking reaction, is proposed, and was found useful. The degree of swelling of PVA membrane for water decreases abruptly as the degree of crosslinking increases. However, the degree of swelling for ethanol is nearly independent of the degree of crosslinking. The critical surface tension of the membrane increases more or less within the range of 37.0–40.0 dyn cm−1 with increasing degree of crosslinking below 30%. But, it is nearly constant at 40.5 dyn cm−1 above 30%. The wetting behavior of the membrane may not be greatly affected by the degree of crosslinking. The selectivity factor and permeate flux of the membrane in the pervaporation of the ethanol-water mixture of 95 wt% ethanol concentration decrease similarly with increasing degree of crosslinking. The pervaporation characteristics seem to be closely related to the swelling behavior. The degree of crosslinking is an important variable for swelling behavior and pervaporation characteristics.

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Kim, K., Lee, S. & Han, N. Effects of the Degree of Crosslinking on Properties of Poly(vinyl alcohol) Membranes. Polym J 25, 1295–1302 (1993). https://doi.org/10.1295/polymj.25.1295

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Keywords

  • Poly(vinyl alcohol) Membranes
  • Degree of Crosslinking
  • Contact Angle
  • Critical Sturface Tension
  • Swelling Characteristics
  • Pervaporation Characteristics

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