Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

Challenges and opportunities in graphene commercialization


As technical knowledge, manufacturing methods and the development of applications mature, key factors will affect the pace of commercialization of graphene.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution

Relevant articles

Open Access articles citing this article.

Access options

Rent or buy this article

Get just this article for as long as you need it


Prices may be subject to local taxes which are calculated during checkout

Figure 1: Number of patent applications and granted patents by first publication date.
Figure 2


  1. Novoselov, K. S. et al. Science 306, 666–669 (2004).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  2. Ma, Z., Kozarsky, R. & Holman, M. Graphene Market Update. Lux Research (26 June 2014).

    Google Scholar 

  3. Alcalde, H., de la Fuente, J., Kamp, B. & Zurutuza, A. Proc. IEEE 101, 1793–1800 (2013).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Owen, G. The Rise and Fall of Great Companies: Courtaulds and the Reshaping of the Man-Made Fibres Industry (Oxford Univ. Press/Pasold Research Fund, 2010).

    Google Scholar 

  5. De Volder, M. F. L., Tawfick, S. H., Baughman, R. H. & Hart, A. J. Science 339, 535–539 (2013).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  6. Hirata, M., Gotou, T., Horiuchi, S., Fujiwara, M. & Ohba, M. Carbon 42, 2929–2937 (2004).

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  7. Bonaccorso, F. et al. Mater. Today 15, 564–589 (December, 2012).

    Google Scholar 

  8. Herron, C. R., Edwards, R. S., Coleman, K. S. & Mendis, B. J. Mater. Chem. 21, 3378–3383 (2011).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  9. Li, X. et al. Science 324, 1312–1314 (2009).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  10. Bae, S. et al. Nature Nanotech. 5, 574–578 (2010).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  11. Kobayashi, T. et al. Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 023112 (2013).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. European Agency for Health and Safety at Work Regulation (EC) No. 1907/2006 (REACH, 2006).

  13. Request for Services in the Context of the FC ENTR/2008/006, Lot 3: A Study to Support the Impact Assessment of Relevant Regulatory Options for Nanomaterials in the Framework of REACH (Matrix Insight, March 2014).

  14. European Commission Types and Uses of Nanomaterials, Including Safety Aspects. Staff Working Paper SWD (2012).288 final (2012).

  15. Wang, W. L. et al. Nano Lett. 14, 450–455 (2014).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  16. Traversi, F. et al. Nature Nanotech. 8, 939–945 (2013).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  17. Shahil, K. M. F. & Balandin, A. A. Nano Lett. 12, 861–867 (2012).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  18. Tielrooij, K. J. et al. Nature Phys. 9, 248–252 (2013).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  19. Meyer, J. et al. Sci. Rep. 4, 5380 (2014).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  20. Araki, T. et al. Appl. Phys. Express 7, 071001 (2014).

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Amaia Zurutuza.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Zurutuza, A., Marinelli, C. Challenges and opportunities in graphene commercialization. Nature Nanotech 9, 730–734 (2014).

Download citation

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:

This article is cited by


Quick links

Find nanotechnology articles, nanomaterial data and patents all in one place. Visit Nano by Nature Research