Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.


All you need is feedback

In the past, nanoelectromechanical resonators have been passive devices that required external oscillators to keep them working, so the development of a self-sustaining resonator powered only by a d.c. voltage is a major advance.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution

Access options

Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.


All prices are NET prices.

Figure 1: In the past, nanoelectromechanical resonators have required an external oscillator, such as an applied a.c. voltage, to compensate for losses.


  1. Feng, X. L., White, C. J., Hajimiri, A. & Roukes, M. L. Nature Nanotech. 3, 342–346 (2008).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  2. Ilic, B., Craighead, H. G., Krylov, S., Senaratne, W. & Over, C. J. Appl. Phys. 95, 3694–3703 (2004).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  3. Karabacak, D., Yakhot, V. & Ekinci, K. L. Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 254505 (2007).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  4. Yang, Y. T., Callegari, C., Feng, X. L., Ekinci, K. L. & Roukes, M. L. Nano Lett. 6, 583–586 (2006).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  5. Cleland, A. N. & Roukes, M. L. J. Appl. Phys. 92, 2758–2769 (2002).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  6. Allan, D. W. IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferr. 34, 647–654 (1987).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  7. Lee, T. H. & Hajimiri, A. IEEE J. Solid-St. Circ. 35, 326–336 (2000).

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Ekinci, K. All you need is feedback. Nature Nanotech 3, 319–320 (2008).

Download citation

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:


Quick links

Find nanotechnology articles, nanomaterial data and patents all in one place. Visit Nano by Nature Research