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How the doors to the nanoworld were opened

The invention of the scanning tunnelling microscope 25 years ago, followed by the arrival of the atomic force microscope five years later, were crucial events in the history of nanoscience and nanotechnology. As the recent International Conference on Nanoscience and Technology in Basel made clear, scanning probe microscopes based on these discoveries are still having a tremendous impact on many areas of research.

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Figure 1: Keep it clean.


Figure 2: World of possibility.



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Gerber, C., Lang, H. How the doors to the nanoworld were opened. Nature Nanotech 1, 3–5 (2006).

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